Clinical Trial: Radiation Therapy and Cisplatin With or Without Epoetin Alfa in Treating Patients With Cervical Cancer and Anemia

This study has been suspended.

Sponsors and Collaborators: Gynecologic Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
National Cancer Institute of Canada
Information provided by: National Cancer Institute (NCI)


RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Epoetin alfa may stimulate red blood cell production to treat anemia in patients who have received chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy for cervical cancer.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to study the effectiveness of epoetin alfa in treating anemia in patients who have cervical cancer.

Condition Treatment or Intervention Phase
Cervical Cancer
Drug Toxicity
Quality of Life
radiation toxicity
 Drug: cisplatin
 Drug: epoetin alfa
 Procedure: biological response modifier therapy
 Procedure: brachytherapy
 Procedure: chemoprotection
 Procedure: chemotherapy
 Procedure: colony-stimulating factor therapy
 Procedure: complications of therapy assessment/management
 Procedure: cytokine therapy
 Procedure: hematologic toxicity attenuation
 Procedure: quality-of-life assessment
 Procedure: radiation therapy
 Procedure: radioprotection
 Procedure: supportive care/therapy
Phase III

MedlinePlus related topics:  Anemia;   Cervical Cancer;   Poisoning

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Treatment

Official Title: Phase III Randomized Study of Radiotherapy and Cisplatin With or Without Epoetin alfa in Patients With Cervical Cancer and Anemia

Further Study Details: 


OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. Patients are stratified according to stage (IIB vs IIIB vs IVA), method of brachytherapy (low-dose vs high-dose), and surgical staging of para-aortic nodes (yes vs no). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients undergo radiotherapy comprising pelvic external beam radiotherapy daily five days a week for 5 weeks, followed by either 1 or 2 implants of low-dose rate intracavitary brachytherapy or 5 fractions of high-dose rate intracavitary brachytherapy, followed by 3-5 days of parametrial boost radiotherapy. Patients receive cisplatin IV concurrently with pelvic external beam radiotherapy on days 1, 8, 15, 22, 29, and once during the week of parametrial boost radiotherapy.
  • Arm II: Patients undergo radiotherapy and chemotherapy as in arm I. Additionally, patients receive epoetin alfa subcutaneously once weekly concurrently with radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Quality of life is assessed at baseline, during weeks 3 and 6, within 1 week of last brachytherapy, and every 3 months for 2 years.

Patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 3 years, and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 460 patients will be accrued for this study within 3.5 years.


Genders Eligible for Study:  Both



  • Histologically confirmed invasive squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, or adenosquamous carcinoma of the cervix
  • Stage IIB, IIIB, or IVA
  • Primary, previously untreated disease
  • Hemoglobin less than 13 g/dL at presentation
  • Negative, non-suspicious para-aortic nodes determined by lymphangiogram, CT scan, MRI, or lymphadenectomy
  • Eligible for treatment with radical intent involving concurrent cisplatin and pelvic radiotherapy
  • No involvement of the lower third of vagina
  • No carcinoma of the cervical stump


  • Not specified

Performance status:

  • GOG 0-3

Life expectancy:

  • Not specified


  • See Disease Characteristics
  • Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3


  • Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 times normal
  • SGOT no greater than 3 times normal
  • Alkaline phosphatase no greater than 3 times normal
  • Hemoglobin less than 130 g/L


  • Creatinine no greater than 2.0 mg/dL


  • No uncontrolled hypertension
  • No history of thrombotic vascular events (e.g., deep vein thrombosis or myocardial infarction)
  • No active hemolysis



  • No septicemia or severe infection
  • No circumstances that would preclude study
  • No other invasive malignancy within the past 5 years except non-melanoma skin cancer
  • No history of hypersensitivity to epoetin alfa or human albumin
  • No diagnosis of vitamin B12 or folic acid deficiency
  • No recent (within the past 3 months) or uncontrolled seizure disorder
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception


  • Not specified


  • See Disease Characteristics

Endocrine therapy:

  • Not specified


  • See Disease Characteristics


  • Not specified

Location Information

      Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, UCLA, Los Angeles,  California,  90095-1740,  United States

      University of Colorado Cancer Center, Denver,  Colorado,  80010,  United States

District of Columbia
      Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington,  District of Columbia,  20307-5001,  United States

      MBCCOP - Hawaii, Honolulu,  Hawaii,  96813,  United States

      Holden Comprehensive Cancer Center, Iowa City,  Iowa,  52242-1009,  United States

      Albert B. Chandler Medical Center, University of Kentucky, Lexington,  Kentucky,  40536-0084,  United States

      Warren Grant Magnuson Clinical Center - NCI Clinical Studies Support, Bethesda,  Maryland,  20892-1182,  United States

      University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson,  Mississippi,  39216-4505,  United States

New Jersey
      Cooper University Hospital, Camden,  New Jersey,  08103-1489,  United States

New York
      Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York,  New York,  10021,  United States

      Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo,  New York,  14263-0001,  United States

      State University of New York Health Science Center at Brooklyn, Brooklyn,  New York,  11203,  United States

      State University of New York Health Sciences Center - Stony Brook, Stony Brook,  New York,  11794-8091,  United States

North Carolina
      Comprehensive Cancer Center at Wake Forest University, Winston Salem,  North Carolina,  27157-1065,  United States

      Duke Comprehensive Cancer Center, Durham,  North Carolina,  27710,  United States

      Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, UNC, Chapel Hill,  North Carolina,  27599-7295,  United States

      Barrett Cancer Center, Cincinnati,  Ohio,  45267-0526,  United States

      Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Center, Cleveland,  Ohio,  44195,  United States

      University of Oklahoma College of Medicine, Oklahoma City,  Oklahoma,  73190,  United States

      Abington Memorial Hospital, Abington,  Pennsylvania,  19001-3788,  United States

      Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia,  Pennsylvania,  19104-4283,  United States

      Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia,  Pennsylvania,  19111,  United States

South Carolina
      Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston,  South Carolina,  29425-2233,  United States

      Gynecologic Oncology of Middle Tennessee, Nashville,  Tennessee,  37203,  United States

      CCOP - M.D. Anderson Research Base, Houston,  Texas,  77030-4009,  United States

      University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston,  Texas,  77555-0587,  United States

      Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle,  Washington,  98109-1024,  United States

      Tacoma General Hospital, Tacoma,  Washington,  98405,  United States

Canada, Alberta
      Cross Cancer Institute, Edmonton,  Alberta,  T6G 1Z2,  Canada

Canada, British Columbia
      British Columbia Cancer Agency - Fraser Valley Cancer Centre, Surrey,  British Columbia,  V3V 1Z2,  Canada

      British Columbia Cancer Agency - Vancouver Island Cancer Centre, Victoria,  British Columbia,  V8R 6V5,  Canada

      British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver,  British Columbia,  V5Z 4E6,  Canada

Canada, New Brunswick
      Saint John Regional Hospital, Saint John,  New Brunswick,  E2L 4L2,  Canada

Canada, Nova Scotia
      Nova Scotia Cancer Centre, Halifax,  Nova Scotia,  B3H 1V7,  Canada

Canada, Ontario
      Cancer Care Ontario-Hamilton Regional Cancer Centre, Hamilton,  Ontario,  L8V 5C2,  Canada

      Cancer Care Ontario-London Regional Cancer Centre, London,  Ontario,  N6A 4L6,  Canada

      Kingston Regional Cancer Centre, Kingston,  Ontario,  K7L 5P9,  Canada

      Toronto Sunnybrook Regional Cancer Centre, Toronto,  Ontario,  M4N 3M5,  Canada

Canada, Quebec
      Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Quebec City,  Quebec,  G1R 2J6,  Canada

      CHUS-Hopital Fleurimont, Fleurimont,  Quebec,  J1H 5N4,  Canada

      Hopital Notre- Dame du CHUM, Montreal,  Quebec,  H4L 2M1,  Canada

      McGill University, Montreal,  Quebec,  H2W 1S6,  Canada

      Norwegian Radium Hospital, Oslo,  N-0310,  Norway

United Kingdom, England
      University of Birmingham, Birmingham,  England,  B15 2TT,  United Kingdom

Study chairs or principal investigators

Gillian Monica Thomas, BSc, MD, FRCPC,  Study Chair,  Glaxosmithkline Inc.   
Peter S. Craighead, MD,  Study Chair,  Tom Baker Cancer Center - Calgary   

More Information

Study ID Numbers:  CDR0000068641; GOG-0191; CAN-NCIC-CX4
Record last reviewed:  October 2003
Last Updated:  October 13, 2004
Record first received:  June 6, 2001 Identifier:  NCT00017004
Health Authority: Unspecified processed this record on 2005-04-08

Cache Date: April 9, 2005