(cham·o·mile) (kam¢[schwa]-m[emacr]l) 1. Anthemis nobilis. 2. Matricaria chamomilla. 3. the dried flower heads of either Anthemis nobilis or Matricaria chamomilla, used as a counterirritant externally and as a carminative internally in the form of a tea. The official preparation [NF] is from M. chamomilla.


... Many different species of chamomile grow throughout the world. The type commonly available in the United States is known as German chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla). It is slightly different from the Roman or English chamomile (Chamaemelum nobilis or Anthemis nobilis) that is more common in Europe. While these two plants belong to different species, they are closely related and both are used for similar conditions.

In the United States, oral chamomile is used primarily for relaxation and sleep. However, this reputation is based mainly on tradition. Few human studies have been conducted to evaluate these possible effects. However, chamomile has shown some sedating and anti-anxiety effects in laboratory animals. In one study, chamomile attached to receptors in the body that are also the targets of prescription sedative medications. Low doses produced a calming effect, while higher doses were more likely to cause sleep. ...

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From the WEST  scientific·clinical

From the EAST  traditional·alternative