Clinical Trial: Suppressing the Immune System With or Without Steroids in Children Who Have Received Kidney Transplants

This study is not yet open for patient recruitment.
Verified by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) July 2005

Sponsors and Collaborators: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Astellas Pharma US, Inc.
Roche Laboratories, Inc.
Information provided by: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Identifier: NCT00141037


Over the last 40 years, corticosteroids have been an important part of drug regimens used to prevent organ rejection and maintain the immune health of people who have received organ tranplants. Unfortunately, the negative physical effects of corticosteroids can be severe, especially in children. The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and effectiveness of a corticosteroid-free treatment regimen for children and adolescents who have received kidney transplants.
Condition Intervention
Kidney Diseases
Kidney Transplantation
 Drug: Daclizumab
 Drug: Mycophenolate mofetil
 Drug: Prednisone
 Drug: Tacrolimus

MedlinePlus related topics:  Kidney Diseases

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Treatment, Randomized, Open Label, Active Control, Parallel Assignment, Safety/Efficacy Study

Official Title: A Randomized, Multi-Center Comparative Trial of Tacrolimus with Steroids and Standard Daclizumab Induction Versus a Novel Steroid-Free Tacrolimus Based Immunosuppression Protocol with Extended Daclizumab Induction in Pediatric Renal Transplantation

Further Study Details: 
Primary Outcomes: Efficacy, as measured by the difference in the change of standardized height at 1 year; safety, as measured by the rate at 12 months of biopsy-proven acute rejection
Expected Total Enrollment:  130

Corticosteroids have been a cornerstone of immunosuppressive therapy for kidney transplantation for over 40 years. However, poor growth and bone loss caused by the use of corticosteroids are devastating to pediatric kidney recipients. The negative physical implications of corticosteroid use also greatly impacts patients'''' compliance to their prescribed corticosteroid-containing regimens. The development of a corticosteroid-free regimen for post-transplant pediatric patients is sorely needed. This study will evaluate the safety and efficacy of a corticosteroid-free treatment regimen in children and adolescents who have received kidney transplants, compared to a standard of care regimen including corticosteroids. Participants in this study will be pediatric patients with end-stage kidney disease who will undergo kidney transplantation at the start of the study.

Patients will participate in this study for 3 years. Participants will be randomly assigned to one of two groups. Group 1 patients will receive daclizumab, tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), and prednisone. Group 1 patients will receive daclizumab prior to transplantation and at Weeks 2, 4, 6, and 8 after transplantation. Group 1 patients will receive prednisone at the time of transplantation and will undergo gradual prednisone tapering post-transplant. Group 2 patients will receive daclizumab, tacrolimus, MMF, but no prednisone. Group 2 patients will receive daclizumab prior to transplantation, at Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, and 11, and at Months 4, 5 and 6 after transplantation. To prevent opportunistic infections, all patients will receive prophylactic medications beginning after transplantation.

There will be 23 study visits during the 3-year study. A physical exam, medication history, adverse events reporting, blood pressure readings, growth assessment, and blood collection will occur at most visits. At the time of transplantation, patients will have a kidney biopsy. Patients will also undergo cataract screening within 4 months of transplantation.


Ages Eligible for Study:  up to  21 Years,  Genders Eligible for Study:  Both

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Primary recipient of a kidney transplant
  • Meets site-specific transplant criteria
  • Panel Reactive Antibody (PRA) of 20% or less
  • Willing to use acceptable forms of contraception
  • Parent or guardian willing to provide informed consent, if applicable

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Previous treatment with steroids within 6 months prior to transplantation
  • Received en-bloc kidney or other kidney that does not meet protocol-specified requirements
  • Received an organ from an HLA identical donor or a non-heart-beating donor
  • Received a solid organ other than a kidney
  • Received a bone marrow or hematopoietic stem cell transplant
  • Received a repeat kidney transplant
  • Currently receiving an investigational pharmacologic or biologic agent
  • HIV infected or infected with another immunodeficiency virus
  • Hypersensitivity to murine products or the study drugs or their formulations
  • Inability to measure height accurately
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding

Location and Contact Information

Please refer to this study by identifier  NCT00141037

Study chairs or principal investigators

Minnie Sarwal, MD, PhD,  Study Chair,  Stanford University   
Oscar Salvatierra, MD,  Principal Investigator,  Pediatric Kidney Transplant Program, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford Hospital and Clinics   

More Information


Cole E, Landsberg D, Russell D, Zaltzman J, Kiberd B, Caravaggio C, Vasquez AR, Halloran P. A pilot study of steroid-free immunosuppression in the prevention of acute rejection in renal allograft recipients. Transplantation. 2001 Sep 15;72(5):845-50.

Sarwal MM, Vidhun JR, Alexander SR, Satterwhite T, Millan M, Salvatierra O Jr. Continued superior outcomes with modification and lengthened follow-up of a steroid-avoidance pilot with extended daclizumab induction in pediatric renal transplantation. Transplantation. 2003 Nov 15;76(9):1331-9.

Vidhun JR, Sarwal MM. Corticosteroid avoidance in pediatric renal transplantation. Pediatr Nephrol. 2005 Mar;20(3):418-26. Epub 2005 Feb 3.

Vidhun JR, Sarwal MM. Corticosteroid avoidance in pediatric renal transplantation: can it be achieved? Paediatr Drugs. 2004;6(5):273-87. Review.

Study ID Numbers:  DAIT SNS01
Last Updated:  August 31, 2005
Record first received:  August 1, 2005 Identifier:  NCT00141037
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government processed this record on 2005-09-06


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