Study of Drugs for High Blood Pressure and High Cholesterol in American Indians with Type 2 Diabetes at High Risk of Kidney or Heart Disease - Article High blood pressure (hypertension)
Clinical Trial: Study of Drugs for High Blood Pressure and High Cholesterol in American Indians with Type 2 Diabetes at High Risk of Kidney or Heart Disease
This study has been completed.
I. Establish a long-term working relationship between clinical investigators and the Minnesota American Indian community.
II. Compare the effectiveness of lisinopril (an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor) and nifedipine (a calcium channel blocker) in preventing nephropathy and vascular disease in Minnesota American Indians with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and microalbuminuria.
III. Compare the effectiveness of simvastatin (a 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitor) with lipid-lowering strategies recommended by the National Cholesterol Education Program in preventing nephropathy and vascular diseases in these patients.
|Condition||Treatment or Intervention|
|Diabetic Nephropathy || Drug: Lisinopril |
MedlinePlus related topics: Diabetic Kidney Problems
Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Prevention, Randomized, Parallel Assignment, Efficacy Study
Official Title: Randomized Study of Antihypertensives and Antilipemics in American Indians with Non-Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus at High Risk of Developing Nephropathy and Cardiovascular Disease
Expected Total Enrollment: 160
Study start: August 1993; Study completion: July 1999
PROTOCOL OUTLINE: Patients are randomly assigned to 1 of 4 treatment groups; therapy continues for 3 years. All patients receive instruction on diet, exercise, and smoking cessation.
The first group receives daily nifedipine at a dose adjusted for high blood pressure. Cholestyramine or gemfibrozil is administered per National Cholesterol Education Program guidelines. Diuretics and doxazosin may be given concurrently.
The second group receives daily lisinopril at a dose adjusted for high blood pressure. Cholestyramine or gemfibrozil is administered per National Cholesterol Education Program guidelines. Diuretics and doxazosin may be given concurrently.
The third group receives daily nifedipine at a dose adjusted for high blood pressure, and simvastatin at a dose adjusted for high low-density lipoproteins. Supplemental cholestyramine may be given as needed. If cholestyramine is not tolerated or if triglycerides are high, gemfibrozil is substituted for cholestyramine.
Ages Eligible for Study: 18 Years and above, Genders Eligible for Study: Both
PROTOCOL ENTRY CRITERIA:
--Disease Characteristics-- Non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus with documented fasting hyperglycemia Microalbuminuria OR clinically detectable albuminuria; Urine albumin excretion rate at least 30 mg/24 hours Low-density lipoproteins (fasting) at least 80 mg/dL Recruitment from American Indian population at Red Lake and Leech Lake reservations
--Prior/Concurrent Therapy-- At least 5 days since antihypertensives or antilipemics
--Patient Characteristics-- Renal: Urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio at least 30 mg/g; Creatinine clearance or estimated creatinine clearance at least 30 mL/min; No active urine sediment suggestive of glomerulonephritis, i.e.: No RBCs greater than 10/high-power field; No WBCs greater than 15/high-power field; No RBC casts
Cardiovascular: No symptomatic orthostatic hypotension; No poorly-compensated congestive heart failure; No requirement for angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors; No angina pectoris requiring nifedipine; No unstable angina; No episodes of angina occurring more than once a month; No chest pain of undetermined cause within 1 month; No severe hypertension requiring multiple antihypertensives; No myocardial infarction within 1 year; No stroke or transient ischemic attack within 1 year
Other: No known allergy to nifedipine, lisinopril, or simvastatin; No untreated proliferative retinopathy; Documented retinal exam within 1 year prior to entry; No alcohol or drug abuse affecting compliance; No other debilitating or acute illness; No pregnant or nursing women; Effective contraception required of fertile women
Bertram L. Kasiske, Study Chair, Hennepin County Medical Center - Minneapolis
Record last reviewed: December 2001
Last Updated: October 13, 2004
Record first received: October 18, 1999
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00004266
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on 2005-04-08
Cache Date: April 9, 2005
- High Blood Pressure and Kidney Disease (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases)