Treatment for Chronic Pain in Patients With Advanced Cancer - Article
Clinical Trial: Treatment for Chronic Pain in Patients With Advanced Cancer
This study has been completed.
PURPOSE: Randomized double blinded phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of different morphine formulations with or without dextromethorphan in treating patients with chronic pain from advanced cancer.
|Condition||Treatment or Intervention||Phase|
|AIDS-Related Lymphoma |
Digestive System Cancer
| Drug: dextromethorphan |
Procedure: pain therapy
Procedure: supportive care/therapy
|Phase III |
MedlinePlus related topics: Cancer; Cancer Alternative Therapy; Digestive Diseases; Hodgkin's Disease; Leukemia, Adult Acute; Leukemia, Adult Chronic; Leukemia, Childhood; Lymphoma; Pain
Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Treatment
- Compare the analgesic efficacy of two formulations of morphine (Statex SR versus MS-Contin) in patients requiring morphine for the treatment of chronic cancer pain.
- Compare the effect of these 2 formulations of morphine on the total analgesic consumption, sleep disturbances, sleep and nausea, responses of different types of pain, and toxic effects experienced in the two treatment groups.
- Compare the effect of coadministration of morphine and dextromethorphan versus morphine and placebo on pain control in the respective patient groups (phase B).
- Compare the effect of morphine and dextromethorphan or placebo on total analgesic consumption, sleep disturbances, sleep and nausea, responses of different types of pain, and toxic effects on the two treatment groups (phase B).
OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, multicenter study. Patients are stratified by stabilization dose (less than 120 mg/day vs greater than 120 mg/day of morphine) and institution in phase A, and neuropathic pain (yes vs no) in phase B.
- Phase A: Patients are randomized to receive oral morphine in one of two formulations (MS Contin or Statex SR) every 12 hours for 7 days.
- Phase B: Eligible patients from phase A who have taken no more than 2 breakthrough doses of analgesic per day in the previous 2 days are re-randomized to receive dose escalated oral dextromethorphan capsules or placebo every 4 hours, and oral morphine tablets every 12 hours for 14 days.
- Phase C: All patients fulfilling entry criteria at the end of phase A or any time during phase B may receive compassionate use morphine tablets for up to 90 days. Patients complete a pain diary twice each day during treatment.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 120 patients will be accrued for this study.
Ages Eligible for Study: 16 Years and above, Genders Eligible for Study: Both
- Histologically or cytologically proven advanced cancer with chronic pain
- Cancer pain requiring strong opioids having an average pain score of less than 6/10 on the visual analog scale within last 24 hours
- Pain managed by a stable maintenance dose of MS-Contin formulation of morphine for at least 2 days with no more than 2 breakthrough immediate release morphine doses per 24 hours
- Pain that is expected to be controlled by a stable and adequate total daily dose of sustained release morphine for the first 7 days of the study
PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age:
- 16 and over
- Not specified
- At least 2 months
- Not specified
- Creatinine no greater than 2 times ULN
- No kidney failure
- No clinically significant respiratory depression
- No severe obstructive airway disease
- Fluent in English or French
- No known hypersensitivity or allergy to study medications or components or other multiple drug allergies
- Normal cognition defined by the Folstein Mini-Mental State Questionnaire (at least 24/30 correct)
PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy:
- Not specified
- At least 14 days since prior chemotherapy
- Concurrent steroids allowed
- At least 14 days since prior analgesic radiotherapy
- Not specified
- At least 3 months since prior investigational agents
- At least 1 month since prior clinical study
- No concurrent analgesics other than morphine
- No other concurrent medications containing dextromethorphan
- Concurrent antidepressant medication allowed
- Concurrent nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs allowed
- At least 14 days since prior monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors
- No concurrent MAO inhibitors
Cross Cancer Institute, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 1Z2, Canada
Canada, Newfoundland and Labrador
Newfoundland Cancer Treatment and Research Foundation, St. Johns, Newfoundland and Labrador, A1B 3V6, Canada
Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, M5G 2M9, Canada
McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, H2W 1S6, Canada
Eduardo Bruera, MD, Study Chair, M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
MacDonald S, Dudgeon DJ, Bruera E, et al.: A phase III double-blind equivalence study of two different formulations of slow-release morphine followed by a randomization between dextromethorphan or placebo plus Statex SR for chronic cancer pain relief in terminally ill patients. [Abstract] Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 21: A-1521, 2002.
Record last reviewed: May 2003
Last Updated: October 13, 2004
Record first received: November 1, 1999
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00003687
Health Authority: Unspecified
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on 2005-04-08
Cache Date: April 9, 2005