A Multicenter Placebo-Controlled Double-Blind Trial to Evaluate Azidothymidine (AZT) Treatment of the AIDS Dementia Complex and Central Nervous System (CNS) Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection - Article
Clinical Trial: A Multicenter Placebo-Controlled Double-Blind Trial to Evaluate Azidothymidine (AZT) Treatment of the AIDS Dementia Complex and Central Nervous System (CNS) Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection
This study has been completed.
To test whether zidovudine (AZT) is useful as a treatment for the neurologic syndrome called AIDS dementia complex. To determine how long AZT takes to reach cerebral spinal fluid (CSF), how long, and at what concentration it is found there. HIV infection can result in impairment in the function of the brain and spinal cord, leading to disturbances in the ability to think clearly and in strength and coordination. This disorder, which has been called the AIDS dementia complex, may be due to a direct effect of HIV on the nervous system. It is known that AZT does get into the brain to some extent, where it may reduce growth of HIV. It is hoped that AZT will stabilize or improve the symptoms of the AIDS dementia complex.
|Condition||Treatment or Intervention||Phase|
|AIDS Dementia Complex |
| Drug: Zidovudine ||Phase III |
MedlinePlus related topics: AIDS; Dementia
Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Treatment, Double-Blind
Expected Total Enrollment: 315
HIV infection can result in impairment in the function of the brain and spinal cord, leading to disturbances in the ability to think clearly and in strength and coordination. This disorder, which has been called the AIDS dementia complex, may be due to a direct effect of HIV on the nervous system. It is known that AZT does get into the brain to some extent, where it may reduce growth of HIV. It is hoped that AZT will stabilize or improve the symptoms of the AIDS dementia complex.
The study is done in 2 stages. In Stage 1, patients are randomized to receive placebo or 1 of 2 doses of AZT. Stage 1 lasts for 4 months. In Stage 2, patients who were initially treated with placebo are randomized again and all patients receive AZT. Stage 2 lasts an additional 12 months, during which time there are periodic medical and neurologic evaluations. Before beginning treatment, all patients have a lumbar puncture and a computerized tomographic (CT) scan of the brain. The lumbar puncture is repeated twice during and once at the end of Stage 1; the CT scan is also repeated at the end of Stage 1. Patients receiving AZT in either stage 1 or Stage 2 are seen by their physicians every week for the first 4 weeks and every other week thereafter for the first 4 months of receiving the drug. After 4 months, patients are seen by their physicians at 4 to 12 week intervals.
Ages Eligible for Study: 12 Years and above, Genders Eligible for Study: Both
Concurrent Medication: Allowed:
- Aspirin, in modest doses.
- Ibuprofen, in modest doses.
- Maintenance antibiotic therapy posttherapy for an AIDS-defining opportunistic infection.
Concurrent Treatment: Allowed:
- Active substance abuse.
Co-existing Condition: Patients with the following conditions will be excluded:
- Concurrent or previous central nervous system infections or neoplasms.
- Active AIDS-defining opportunistic infection.
- Severe premorbid psychiatric illness.
- Confounding neurological disease.
- Concurrent neoplasms.
Concurrent Medication: Excluded:
- Maintenance methadone or naltrexone.
- Mood- or central nervous system-altering drugs.
- Zidovudine for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP).
- Rifampin or derivatives.
- Drugs with antiretroviral activity.
- Experimental agents.
The following patients will be excluded from the study:
- Patients requiring ongoing therapy for an AIDS-defining opportunistic infection.
- Patients with a history of Mycobacterium avium intracellulare infection.
- Patients with a history of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia infection.
- Patients with a daily temperature of 38 degrees C or more for 1 month.
Prior Medication: Excluded:
- Zidovudine (AZT).
- Excluded within 14 days of study entry:
- Systemic anti-infectives.
- Excluded within 30 days of study entry:
- Immunomodulators and biologic response modifiers.
- Any investigational agent.
- Cytotoxic chemotherapy for Kaposi's sarcoma.
Prior Treatment: Excluded:
- Radiation therapy.
Patients must demonstrate the following clinical and laboratory findings:
- No currently active AIDS-defining opportunistic infections.
- One negative blood culture for Mycobacterium avium intracellulare within 4-6 weeks prior to study entry.
- Constitutionally well without persistent fever.
- Less than 25 Kaposi's sarcoma lesions and less than 10 new lesions during the 30 days prior to study entry. Patients may have stable or indolently progressive mucocutaneous Kaposi's sarcoma.
- Characteristic clinical symptoms and signs of AIDS dementia complex.
- Abnormalities on 2 or more of 7 neuropsychological motor tests in the Neurological Screening Battery.
- Estimated premorbid IQ equal to or greater than 70 (+ or - 5), which is consistent with completion of sixth grade.
Univ of California / San Diego Treatment Ctr, San Diego, California, 921036325, United States
UCLA CARE Ctr, Los Angeles, California, 90095, United States
Stanford Univ School of Medicine, Stanford, California, 94305, United States
Univ of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida, 331361013, United States
Charity Hosp / Tulane Univ Med School, New Orleans, Louisiana, 70112, United States
Louisiana State Univ Med Ctr / Tulane Med School, New Orleans, Louisiana, 70112, United States
Tulane Univ School of Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, 70112, United States
Johns Hopkins Hosp, Baltimore, Maryland, 21287, United States
Harvard (Massachusetts Gen Hosp), Boston, Massachusetts, 02114, United States
Beth Israel Deaconess Med Ctr, Boston, Massachusetts, 02215, United States
Univ of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York, 14642, United States
Mem Sloan - Kettering Cancer Ctr, New York, New York, 10021, United States
Bellevue Hosp / New York Univ Med Ctr, New York, New York, 10016, United States
Mount Sinai Med Ctr, New York, New York, 10029, United States
Jack Weiler Hosp / Bronx Municipal Hosp, Bronx, New York, 10465, United States
Bronx Municipal Hosp Ctr/Jacobi Med Ctr, Bronx, New York, 10461, United States
SUNY / Erie County Med Ctr at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York, 14215, United States
Beth Israel Med Ctr / Peter Krueger Clinic, New York, New York, 10003, United States
City Hosp Ctr at Elmhurst / Mount Sinai Hosp, Elmhurst, New York, 11373, United States
Julio Arroyo, West Columbia, South Carolina, 29169, United States
Univ of Washington, Seattle, Washington, 98105, United States
R Price, Study Chair
Click here for more information about Zidovudine
Sidtis JJ, Gatsonis C, Price RW, Singer EJ, Collier AC, Richman DD, Hirsch MS, Schaerf FW, Fischl MA, Kieburtz K, et al. Zidovudine treatment of the AIDS dementia complex: results of a placebo-controlled trial. AIDS Clinical Trials Group. Ann Neurol. 1993 Apr;33(4):343-9.
Price RW, Koch MA, Sidtis JJ, Feinberg J, Collier A, Kennedy C, Singer E, Price S. Zidovudine (AZT) treatment of the AIDS dementia complex (ADC): results of a placebo-controlled, multicentered therapeutic trial. Int Conf AIDS. 1989 Jun 4-9;5:407 (abstract no WBP331)
Record last reviewed: September 2002
Last Updated: April 7, 2005
Record first received: November 2, 1999
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00000702
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on 2005-04-08
Cache Date: April 9, 2005