Clinical Trial: Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With AIDS-Related Lymphoma

This study is no longer recruiting patients.

Sponsors and Collaborators: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Information provided by: National Cancer Institute (NCI)


RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more cancer cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of combination chemotherapy in treating patients with AIDS -related lymphoma.

Condition Treatment or Intervention Phase
AIDS-related diffuse small cleaved cell lymphoma
AIDS-related small noncleaved cell lymphoma
AIDS-related diffuse mixed cell lymphoma
AIDS-related primary CNS lymphoma
AIDS-related immunoblastic large cell lymphoma
AIDS-related peripheral/systemic lymphoma
AIDS-related diffuse large cell lymphoma
 Drug: bleomycin
 Drug: cisplatin
 Drug: co-trimoxazole
 Drug: cyclophosphamide
 Drug: cytarabine
 Drug: doxorubicin
 Drug: etoposide
 Drug: filgrastim
 Drug: fluorouracil
 Drug: ifosfamide
 Drug: leucovorin calcium
 Drug: mesna
 Drug: methotrexate
 Drug: methylprednisolone
 Drug: pentamidine
 Drug: prednisone
 Drug: vincristine
 Drug: zidovudine
Phase II

MedlinePlus related topics:  Lymphoma

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Treatment

Official Title: Phase II Pilot Study of Fluorouracil/Leucovorin Calcium/Cisplatin (FLEP) in Profoundly Immunosuppressed Patients with AIDS-Related Lymphoma

Further Study Details: 

Study start: June 1993

OBJECTIVES: I. Develop an effective chemotherapy regimen with mild immunosuppressive and myelosuppressive properties to treat patients with AIDS-related lymphoma (ARL) who have severe T4 lymphopenia.

II. Estimate the CR rate, lymphoma-free survival, and overall survival of non-T4 lymphopenic patients and patients who present with nonbulky Ann Arbor stage I ARL treated with standard regimens of known effectiveness.

III. Evaluate the effects on long-term outlook of concurrent antiretroviral therapy, prophylactic antibiosis with trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole or aerosolized pentamidine, and prn use of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor for severe myelosuppression.

PROTOCOL OUTLINE: Patients are assigned to Regimens A, B, and C according to histology and extent of disease and the degree of immunosuppression as follows:

Regimen A: Patients with Ann Arbor stage I intermediate grade or immunoblastic lymphoma with measurable nonbulky disease (less than 7 cm), low LDH (less than 686), and no prior opportunistic infection irrespective of T4 count; also those with nonmeasurable stage I extranodal primaries (infiltration of less than 2/3 of an organ site, e.g., stomach, rectum, esophagus, sinus cavity) irrespective of T4 count.

Regimen B: All patients (except primary brain lymphoma patients) not assigned to Regimen A who have T4 counts of at least 200 and no history of opportunistic infection; includes all stages of small noncleaved cell lymphoma and bulky stage I and stages II-IV intermediate grade and immunoblastic lymphoma.

Regimen C: Patients not assigned to Regimen A or B, i.e., those with T4 counts less than 200 and/or a history of opportunistic infection and those with primary brain lymphoma.

The following acronyms are used: ARA-C Cytarabine, NSC-63878 BLEO Bleomycin, NSC-125066 CDDP Cisplatin, NSC-119875 CF Leucovorin calcium, NSC-3590 CTX Cyclophosphamide, NSC-26271 DOX Doxorubicin, NSC-123127 5-FU Fluorouracil, NSC-19893 G-CSF Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor (Amgen), NSC-614629 IFF Ifosfamide, NSC-109723 MePRDL Methylprednisolone succinate Mesna Mercaptoethane sulfonate, NSC-113891 MTX Methotrexate, NSC-740 PRED Prednisone, NSC-10023 VCR Vincristine, NSC-67574 VP-16 Etoposide, NSC-141540 ZDV Zidovudine, NSC-602670

Regimen A: 5-Drug Combination Chemotherapy followed by Radiotherapy. CHOP-BLEO: CTX; DOX; VCR; PRED; BLEO; followed by involved-field irradiation with megavoltage equipment.

Regimen B: 4-Drug Combination Chemotherapy alternating with 3-Drug Combination Chemotherapy followed, as indicated, by Radiotherapy. ASHAP: DOX; MePRDL; ARA-C; CDDP; alternating with IMVP-16: IFF/Mesna; MTX/CF; VP-16; followed, in selected patients with initially bulky localized disease, by involved-field irradiation with megavoltage equipment.

Regimen C: 2-Drug Combination Chemotherapy with Drug Modulation followed, as indicated, by Radiotherapy. FLEP: 5-FU/CF/CDDP; followed, in selected patients with initially bulky localized disease, by involved-field irradiation with megavoltage equipment. Prior to starting chemotherapy, patients with primary brain lymphoma receive a course of cranial irradiation using accelerator beams with photon energies of 6-15 MV.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Up to 92 patients (10 for Regimen A, 28 for Regimen B, 54 for Regimen C) will be entered over 3 years. If there are no CRs among the first 6 patients on Regimens A and B or the first 19 patients on Regimen C, accrual to that regimen will cease. If more than 4 infectious deaths occur among the first 10 patients or if the rate of disease progression exceeds 20% on any regimen, further accrual to that regimen will cease.


Ages Eligible for Study:  15 Years and above



--Disease Characteristics--

  • Previously untreated, HIV-related intermediate- and high-grade lymphoma with no previous diagnosis of Kaposi's sarcoma; Pathology reviewed at M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

--Prior/Concurrent Therapy--

  • No prior therapy for lymphoma; No concurrent chemotherapy

--Patient Characteristics--

  • Age: Over 15
  • Performance status: Not specified
  • Hematopoietic: Not specified
  • Hepatic: Not specified
  • Renal: For patients with T4 less than 200 and those with primary brain lymphoma: Creatinine no greater than 2.0 mg/dL (unless entry approved by principal investigator)
  • Other: Serious intercurrent illness must be discussed with the principal investigator; Infectious disease consultation required for complex infections; Medications for other conditions allowed provided no adverse interaction with protocol therapy occurs; No previously diagnosed Kaposi's sarcoma or other malignancy

Location Information

      MD Anderson Cancer Center Orlando, Orlando,  Florida,  32806,  United States

      University of Texas - MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston,  Texas,  77030,  United States

Study chairs or principal investigators

Peter McLaughlin,  Study Chair,  M.D. Anderson Cancer Center   

More Information

Clinical trial summary from the National Cancer Institute's PDQ® database

Study ID Numbers:  CDR0000078316; MDA-DM-93058; NCI-T93-0088D
Record last reviewed:  October 2004
Last Updated:  October 13, 2004
Record first received:  November 1, 1999 Identifier:  NCT00002524
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government processed this record on 2005-04-08

Cache Date: April 9, 2005