Plastic surgery encompasses both cosmetic and reconstructive surgery. Cosmetic surgery is performed to reshape normal structures of the body in order to improve the patient's appearance and self-esteem. Cosmetic surgery is usually not covered by health insurance because it is elective. Reconstructive surgery is performed on abnormal structures of the body, caused by congenital defects, developmental abnormalities, trauma, infection, tumors or disease. It is generally performed to improve functions, but may also be done to approximate a normal appearance. Reconstructive surgery is generally covered by most health insurance policies, although coverage for specific procedures and levels of coverage may vary greatly.


"Facial reconstruction" redirects here. For the identification of skeletal ...
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Related Treatments

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Plastic and Cosmetic Surgery Procedure

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Dermatologists (Skin Care Doctors)
... What are dermatologists? Dermatologists, or skin care doctors, have expertise in the care of normal skin as well as in the prevention and treatment of a wide variety of skin diseases, including skin c...
Source: Cleveland Clinic

Skin Care and Cosmetic Surgery Glossary
... Abdominoplasty: A surgical procedure done to flatten your abdomen by removing extra fat and skin, and tightening muscles in your abdominal wall. This procedure is commonly referred to as a tummy tuck....
Source: Cleveland Clinic

Plastic and Cosmetic Surgery Conditions

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Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate
... Cleft lip and cleft palate are facial and oral malformations that occur very early in pregnancy, while the baby is developing inside its mother. Clefting results when there is not enough tissue in the...
Source: Cleveland Clinic

Plastic and Cosmetic Surgery Other

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Laser Skin Resurfacing
... Laser resurfacing is a relatively new treatment for reducing facial wrinkles and skin irregularities, such as blemishes or acne scars. The laser technique directs short, concentrated pulsating beams o...
Source: Cleveland Clinic

Cheek-lift is Pre-emptive Strike Against Aging Face
... The facelift has been a staple of plastic surgery for decades, helping tens of thousands of individuals turn back the clock on aging. Wrinkles are smoothed, jowls are tightened, youthfulness is restor...
Source: Cleveland Clinic