The phakomatoses are a group of genetic disorders with both neurologic and cutaneous manifestations (thus, neurocutaneous syndromes). In addition to the types of neurofibromatosis, the phakomatoses also include Tuberous Sclerosis, Sturge-Weber, and Von Hippel-Lindau. This grouping is an artifact of an earlier time in medicine, before the distinct genetic basis of each of these diseases was understood.

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