A vaccine, produced from one component of the toxin of a non-virulent strand, is also available. The vaccine must be given at least four weeks before exposure to anthrax; annual booster injections are required to maintain immunity. Other treatments for anthrax infections includes large doses of intravenous and oral antibiotics, such as penicillin, ciprofloxacin, erythromycin, and vancomycin. For inhalation cases, antibiotic treatment is not very effective unless initiated within a day of exposure, before any symptoms appear. Antibiotic prophylaxis is crucial in cases of pulmonary anthrax to save lives. Some antibiotic-resistant strains are known.

GoldBamboo

... ANTHRAX VACCINE, ADSORBED (Biothrax®) protects against an infection from the anthrax bacteria. This vaccine is not available to the general public from health care providers. Certain at-risk groups may get the vaccine through special programs set up by the US government. These groups include: at-risk laboratory workers; at-risk industry workers who come in contact with imported animal hides, wools or bone-meal; at-risk veterinarians; US military personnel; at-risk decontamination specialists; and some civilians exposed to anthrax during bioterrorism-related events. Generic anthrax vaccine, adsorbed is not available. ...
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