Vein gymnastics in the barefoot park Dornstetten, Germany. An Indian Railways worker affected by varicose veins in Karnataka, India. Varicose veins are veins on the leg which are large, twisted, and ropelike, and can cause pain, swelling, or itching. They are an extreme form of telangiectasia, or spider veins. Varicose veins result due to insufficiency of the valves in the communicating veins. These are veins which link the superficial and deep veins of the lower limb. Normally, ...
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Signs and symptoms
... Signs and symptoms of varicose veins may include: An achy or heavy feeling in your legs, and burning, throbbing, muscle cramping and swelling in your lower legs. Prolonged sitting or standing tends to...
Source: MayoClinic

Causes
... Arteries carry blood from your heart to the rest of your tissues. Veins return blood from the rest of your body to your heart, so the blood can be recirculated. To return blood to your heart, the vein...
Source: MayoClinic

Risk factors
... These factors increase your risk of developing varicose veins: Age. Aging causes wear and tear on the valves in your veins that help regulate blood flow. Eventually, that wear causes the valves to mal...
Source: MayoClinic

When to seek medical advice
... Self-help measures can help you ease the pain of varicose veins and may prevent them from getting worse. But if you''re concerned about how your veins look and feel and self-care measures haven''t sto...
Source: MayoClinic

Screening and diagnosis
... In making a diagnosis, your doctor will examine your legs while you''re standing and will look for swelling. He or she may also ask you to describe the pain and aching in your legs. Finally, your doct...
Source: MayoClinic