Tourette Syndrome (TS) is an inherited neurological disorder characterized by repeated involuntary movements and uncontrollable vocal sounds called tics. In a few cases, such tics can include inappropriate words and phrases. The symptoms of TS generally appear before the individual is 18 years old. Although TS symptoms range from very mild to quite severe, the majority of cases fall into the mild category. The first symptoms of TS are usually facial tics - commonly eye blinking. With time, other motor tics may appear, such as head jerking, neck stretching, foot stamping, or body twisting and bending. It is not uncommon for a person with TS to continuously clear his or her throat, cough, sniff, grunt, yelp, bark, or shout. A person with TS may touch other people excessively or repeat actions obsessively and unnecessarily. A few patients with TS demonstrate self-harming behaviors such as lip and cheek biting and head banging. People with TS can sometimes suppress their tics for a short time, but eventually tension mounts to the point where the tic escapes. Tics worsen in stressful situations and improve when the person relaxes or is absorbed in an activity. TS is diagnosed by observing the symptoms and evaluating family history. Tics must be present for at least one year. TS is a clinical diagnosis.

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Tourette Syndrome Symptoms

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Signs and symptoms
... The first symptom of Tourette syndrome is usually a facial tic, such as eye blinking. As many as 1 in 200 children develops tics that last only a few weeks or months and then stop. Tourette syndrome, ...
Source: MayoClinic

Causes
... The exact cause of Tourette syndrome is unknown, but it appears to be linked to the gene or genes that control the chemicals that carry signals from one brain cell to another. About a third of people ...
Source: MayoClinic

Tourette Syndrome Treatment

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Treatment
... Most people with Tourette syndrome don''t require medication. However, if symptoms interfere with your ability to function, the following medications may help: Anti-psychotic drugs, such as olanzapine...
Source: MayoClinic

Tourette Syndrome Support

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Coping skills
... It''s important to understand that people with Tourette syndrome have very little — if any — control over their tics. In fact, focusing too much on the tics can make them worse. Psychother...
Source: MayoClinic

Tourette Syndrome Other

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Tourette Syndrome References
... For Children and Adolescents Adam and the Magic Marble: A Magical Adventure  by Adam and Carol Buehrens. Hope Press, 1991. ISBN # 1878267302. Coping with Tourette Syndrome in Early Adulthood ...
Source: Cleveland Clinic

Overview
... People with Tourette syndrome display unusual behaviors over which they have very little control. They may repeatedly blink their eyes, shrug their shoulders or stamp their feet. They may echo everyth...
Source: MayoClinic

   

Tourette Syndrome Articles

  • Tourette Syndrome Fact Sheet
    ... Tourette syndrome (TS) is an inherited, neurological disorder characterized by multiple involuntary movements and uncontrollable vocalizations called tics that come and go over years. In a few cases, ...
  • Tourette Syndrome Information Page
    ... Tourette Syndrome (TS) is an inherited neurological disorder characterized by repeated involuntary movements and uncontrollable vocal sounds called tics. In a few cases, such tics can include inapprop...

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