Clinical Trial: Eszopiclone for Sleep Disturbance and Nightmares in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

This study is currently recruiting patients.

Sponsored by: Massachusetts General Hospital
Information provided by: Massachusetts General Hospital

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to obtain data investigating the safety and efficacy of eszopiclone for the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)-related sleep disturbance and the impact of improved sleep with eszopiclone treatment on neuroendocrine correlates of PTSD. The investigators hypothesize that eszopiclone will be significantly more effective than placebo and well tolerated for PTSD-related sleep disturbance, improvement in sleep will be associated with improvement in overall PTSD symptoms, and patients with PTSD-related sleep disturbances will have abnormal levels of stress hormones.
Condition Intervention Phase
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
 Drug: Eszopiclone
Phase IV

MedlinePlus related topics:  Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Treatment, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo Control, Crossover Assignment, Safety/Efficacy Study

Further Study Details: 
Primary Outcomes: Sleep latency; Total sleep time
Secondary Outcomes: Symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder; Sleep quality; Quality of life
Expected Total Enrollment:  60

Study start: June 2005

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is characterized by three symptom groupings: re-experiencing symptoms including flashbacks, nightmares, and intrusive memories; physiological hyperarousal; and avoidance symptoms. Of the three major categories of symptoms in PTSD listed by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, sleep-related problems are listed in two of them: difficulty falling asleep is considered an aspect of hyperarousal symptoms, and nightmares are a type of re-experiencing symptom. Both are found commonly in PTSD. Little is known about the relationship of neuroendocrine dysregulation in PTSD and sleep disturbance. It is possible that successful treatment of sleep disturbance in PTSD may alter an abnormal stress hormone pattern. The novel cyclopyrrolone hypnotic eszopiclone thus presents an intriguing opportunity to examine the treatment of sleep disturbances and nightmares in PTSD. This study will determine the safety, efficacy and impact on neuroendocrine parameters of eszopiclone compared to placebo for sleep disturbance and overall PTSD symptoms in individuals with PTSD and reported sleep disturbance.

Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:  18 Years   -   64 Years,  Genders Eligible for Study:  Both
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female outpatients 18-64 years of age with a primary diagnosis of PTSD as defined by DSM-IV criteria with associated sleep disturbance

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant women, lactating women, and women of childbearing potential who are not using medically accepted forms of contraception.
  • Concurrent use of other psychotropic medications, other than antidepressants at stable dose for at least 4 weeks prior to randomization
  • Serious medical illness or instability
  • Seizure disorders with the exception of a history of febrile seizures if they occurred during childhood
  • Concurrent psychotherapy initiated within one month of randomization or ongoing psychotherapy of any duration directed specifically toward treatment of PTSD and/or sleep disturbance
  • Diagnosis of schizophrenia, mental retardation, OCD, organic medical disorders or bipolar disorder, eating disorders in the past 6 months, alcohol or substance abuse in the past 3 months, or dependence within the past 6 months.
  • Patients with significant suicidal ideation or who have enacted suicidal behaviors within 6 months prior to intake

Location and Contact Information

Please refer to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov identifier  NCT00120250

Candice W Chow, B.A.      617 726 3508    cwchow@partners.org

Massachusetts
      Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston,  Massachusetts,  02114,  United States; Recruiting
Victoria S. Mirabello  617-424-4140    VMirabello@Partners.org 
Mark Pollack, M.D.,  Principal Investigator

Study chairs or principal investigators

Mark Pollack, M.D.,  Principal Investigator,  Massachusetts General Hospital   

More Information

Official Website for the Center for Anxiety and Traumatic Stress Disorders

Study ID Numbers:  2005-P-000645
Record last reviewed:  June 2005
Last Updated:  July 18, 2005
Record first received:  July 15, 2005
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:  NCT00120250
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on 2005-07-26

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