Periodontitis, or Pyorrhea, is a disease involving inflammation of the gums (gingiva), often persisting unnoticed for years or decades in a patient, that results in loss of bone around teeth. This differs from gingivitis, where there is inflammation of the gingiva but without bone loss; it is the loss of bone around the teeth that differentiates between these two oral inflammatory diseases. Aetiology Plaque bacteria and bacterial toxins that accumulate below the gum-line may cause inflam ...
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Signs and symptoms
... In the earliest stages, periodontal disease causes few signs or symptoms, and you may not be aware of a problem until your gums become soft and bleed slightly when you brush your teeth. As the disease...
Source: MayoClinic

... Periodontitis begins with plaque. This invisible, sticky film forms on your teeth when starches and sugars in food interact with bacteria normally found in your mouth. Although you remove plaque every...
Source: MayoClinic

Risk factors
... Most people first experience gum problems during puberty and then in varying degrees throughout life. The most common contributing factor is lack of proper oral hygiene, but other factors also increas...
Source: MayoClinic

When to seek medical advice
... Healthy gums are firm and pale pink. If your gums are puffy, dusky red and bleed easily, see your dentist. The sooner you seek care, the better your chances of reversing damage and preventing more ser...
Source: MayoClinic

Screening and diagnosis
... To check the health of your gum tissue, your dentist is likely to use a metal probe to measure the depth of the gingival sulcus, the groove between your gums and your teeth. The probe is inserted besi...
Source: MayoClinic