Esophageal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the esophagus. The esophagus is the hollow, muscular tube that moves food and liquid from the throat to the stomach. The wall of the esophagus is made up of several layers of tissue, including mucous membrane, muscle, and connective tissue. Esophageal cancer starts at the inside lining of the esophagus and spreads outward through the other layers as it grows. The two most common forms of esophageal cancer are named for the type of cells that become malignant (cancerous): Squamous cell carcinoma: Cancer that forms in squamous cells, the thin, flat cells lining the esophagus. This cancer is most often found in the upper and middle part of the esophagus, but can occur anywhere along the esophagus. This is also called epidermoid carcinoma. Adenocarcinoma: Cancer that begins in glandular (secretory) cells. Glandular cells in the lining of the esophagus produce and release fluids such as mucus. Adenocarcinomas usually form in the lower part of the esophagus, near the stomach.

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Esophageal Cancer Symptoms

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Signs and symptoms
... It''s unusual to have signs and symptoms of esophageal cancer in the early stages of the disease. When cancer is more advanced, you may experience: Difficulty swallowing (dysphagia). Although this is ...
Source: MayoClinic

Causes
... Although the esophagus is essentially a hollow tube, its walls are composed of a number of highly specialized layers, including an inner lining made up of thin, flat cells (squamous cells), a layer be...
Source: MayoClinic

Esophageal Cancer Prevention

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Prevention
... Although it''s not possible to prevent all cases of esophageal cancer, the following lifestyle changes can greatly reduce your risk: Quit smoking. This may be the single most important thing you can d...
Source: MayoClinic

Esophageal Cancer Treatment

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Complications
... As esophageal cancer advances, the tumor may block more and more of your esophagus, making swallowing increasingly difficult. Eventually, some people aren''t able to swallow their own saliva. To help ...
Source: MayoClinic

Treatment
... Treatment for esophageal cancer depends on the type, location and stage of cancer as well as on your age, overall health and personal preferences. Decisions about therapy can be particularly complicat...
Source: MayoClinic

Esophageal Cancer Support

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Coping skills
... Learning you have any life-threatening illness can be devastating. But coping with a diagnosis of esophageal cancer can be especially difficult. The more advanced the disease when it''s discovered, th...
Source: MayoClinic

Esophageal Cancer Other

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Esophageal Cancer
... Esophageal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the esophagus. The esophagus is the hollow, muscular tube that moves food and liquid from the throat to the stom...
Source: Cleveland Clinic

Overview
... The hard-drinking, chain-smoking lifestyle of mid-20th-century Hollywood took a huge toll — hundreds of noted actors eventually lost their lives to lung, throat or esophageal cancer. One of them...
Source: MayoClinic

   

Esophageal Cancer Articles

  • Barrett's Esophagus
    ... Barrett's esophagus is a condition in which the esophagus, the muscular tube that carries food and saliva from the mouth to the stomach, changes so that some of its lining is replaced by a type of...
  • Digestive Diseases Dictionary
    ... This dictionary defines words that are often used when talking or writing about digestive diseases. It is designed for people who have digestive diseases and their families and friends. The words are ...
  • Esophageal Cancer Prevention
    ... Esophageal cancer is cancer of the esophagus, the muscular tube through which food passes from the throat to the stomach. Most esophageal cancers are either adenocarcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma. ...
  • Esophageal Cancer Prevention
    ... Esophageal cancer is cancer of the esophagus, the muscular tube through which food passes from the throat to the stomach. Most esophageal cancers are either adenocarcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma. ...
  • Esophageal Cancer Screening
    ... The esophagus is the muscular tube through which food passes from the throat to the stomach. Most esophageal cancers are either adenocarcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma. Both types of cancer occur in...
  • Esophageal Cancer Screening
    ... The esophagus is the muscular tube through which food passes from the throat to the stomach. Most esophageal cancers are either adenocarcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma. Both types of cancer occur in...
  • Esophageal Cancer Treatment
    ... Recurrent esophageal cancer is cancer that has recurred (come back) after it has been treated. The cancer may come back in the esophagus or in other parts of the body. Treatment of recurrent esophagea...
  • Esophageal Cancer Treatment
    ... Recurrent esophageal cancer is cancer that has recurred (come back) after it has been treated. The cancer may come back in the esophagus or in other parts of the body. Treatment of recurrent esophagea...
  • Interpreting Laboratory Test Results
    ... A laboratory test is a medical procedure in which a sample of blood, urine, or other tissues or substances in the body is checked for certain features. Such tests are often used as part of a routine c...
  • Metastatic Cancer: Questions and Answers
    ... Key Points Cancer occurs when cells become abnormal and grow without control (see Question 1). The place where the cancer started is called the primary cancer or the primary tumor (see Question 2). Me...

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