Clinical Trial: Tetracycline in Preventing Skin Rash in Patients Who Are Receiving Drugs Such as Gefitinib and Cetuximab for Cancer

This study is currently recruiting patients.

Sponsors and Collaborators: North Central Cancer Treatment Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by: National Cancer Institute (NCI)


RATIONALE: Tetracycline may be effective in preventing skin rash that is caused by treatment with drugs such as gefitinib or cetuximab.

PURPOSE: This randomized clinical trial is studying tetracycline to see how well it works compared to placebo in preventing skin rash in patients who are receiving drugs such as gefitinib or cetuximab for cancer.

Condition Treatment or Intervention
unspecified adult solid tumor, protocol specific
 Drug: tetracycline
 Procedure: complications of therapy assessment/management
 Procedure: dermatologic complications management
 Procedure: supportive care/therapy

MedlinePlus related topics:  Cancer;   Cancer Alternative Therapy

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Treatment

Official Title: Randomized Study of Tetracycline for the Prevention of Gefitinib-, Cetuximab-, or Other Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Inhibitor-Induced Skin Rash in Patients With Cancer

Further Study Details: 


  • Compare the 1-month incidence and severity of gefitinib-, cetuximab-, or other epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitor-induced skin rash development in patients with cancer treated with tetracycline vs placebo.
  • Compare the toxicity of these drugs in these patients.
  • Compare the quality of life of patients treated with these drugs who develop vs those who do not develop a rash.
  • Determine whether patients who discontinue tetracycline at 1 month develop a rash.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to prior chemotherapy regimen (first-line therapy vs other), concurrent epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitor therapy (gefitinib vs cetuximab vs other), and concurrent corticosteroid therapy (yes vs no). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients receive oral tetracycline twice daily.
  • Arm II: Patients receive oral placebo twice daily. In both arms, treatment continues for 4 weeks in the absence of unacceptable toxicity.

Quality of life is assessed at baseline and then weekly for 8 weeks.

Patients are followed at weeks 4 and 8.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 66 patients (33 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study within 12 months.


Ages Eligible for Study:  18 Years and above,  Genders Eligible for Study:  Both




  • 18 and over

Performance status

  • Not specified

Life expectancy

  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • Bilirubin ≤ 2 mg/dL


  • Creatinine ≤ 2 mg/dL


  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective non-hormonal contraception
  • Able to take oral medication
  • No history of skin condition that may flare during study treatment
  • No prior allergic reaction or severe intolerance to tetracycline or one of its derivatives
  • No severe nausea or vomiting that would preclude retaining study drug


  • See Disease Characteristics


  • Not specified

Endocrine therapy

  • No concurrent oral contraceptives


  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • More than 1 week since prior tetracycline
  • No milk products, antacids, or calcium supplements for 2 hours before until 2 hours after drug administration
  • No other concurrent tetracycline

Location and Contact Information

      Mayo Clinic Cancer Center, Rochester,  Minnesota,  55905,  United States; Recruiting
Aminah Jatoi, MD  507-284-2511 

Study chairs or principal investigators

Aminah Jatoi, MD,  Study Chair,  Mayo Clinic Cancer Center   
Charles L. Loprinzi, MD,  Mayo Clinic Cancer Center   

More Information

Clinical trial summary from the National Cancer Institute's PDQ® database

Study ID Numbers:  CDR0000385682; NCCTG-N03CB; NCT00091247
Record last reviewed:  January 2005
Last Updated:  February 7, 2005
Record first received:  September 7, 2004 Identifier:  NCT00091247
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government processed this record on 2005-04-08

Cache Date: April 9, 2005