Chaparral is a biome found primarily in California, USA, that is shaped by a Mediterranean climate (mild, wet winters and hot dry summers) and wildfire. Similar plant communities are found in 5 other regions areas including the Mediterranean (where it is known as maquis), coastal central Chile, South African Cape Region (known there as fynbos), and Australia (Western and Southern).

GoldBamboo

... The use of chaparral in any form is discouraged strongly.

In 1992, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a warning to patients after several cases of liver damage or hepatitis were shown to have a direct association with taking oral forms of chaparral. Subsequently, at least two individuals who used chaparral required liver transplants. With guidance from the FDA, most manufacturers withdrew their chaparral products from the market voluntarily, but some products containing chaparral either alone or in combinations with other herbals are still available from other countries. ...

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?Larrea tridentata Larrea tridentata near Kilbourne Hole, New Mexico ...
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