Propolis is a reddish brown wax-like resinous substance collected by bees from tree buds and used as a cement and to seal cracks or open spaces in the hive.Honeybees will use propolis to attempt to seal any gap inside the hive that is smaller than the bee space, approximately 6.3 mm.

GoldBamboo

... The actual ingredients in individual propolis products may differ significantly, according to a number of variables including the type of bees that produced the propolis and the geographic location of the hives.

Historically, propolis has been taken by mouth for bacterial infections such as tuberculosis; fungal infections such as oral candidiasis (thrush); parasitic infections such as malaria; and viral infections such as colds. Multiple laboratory, animal, and human studies show that it may have some mild anti-infective effects, possibly due to chemical components of propolis known as flavonoids. In laboratory studies, flavonoids have been shown to slow down or stop the division of bacterial cells. It is believed that propolis has similar effects on viral and fungal cells. Results from a recent study involving more than 400 Israeli children seem to show that a combination product containing propolis, echinacea, and vitamin C helped to prevent colds and other infections of the respiratory tract. However, propolis generally is not as effective as prescription anti-infective medications. ...

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Propolis is a wax-like resinous substance collected by honeybees from tree b ...
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