Evaluation of the Interaction Between High Dose Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim and Zidovudine - Article Azidothymidine Capsule; AZT Capsule; Compound S Capsule; Retrovir Capsule
Clinical Trial: Evaluation of the Interaction Between High Dose Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim and Zidovudine
This study has been completed.
To determine if the pharmacokinetics of high doses of zidovudine (AZT) (that is, how fast AZT reaches the blood, what concentration of AZT is attained in the blood, and how long AZT remains in the blood) changes from day to day in the same patient. Also to determine whether the pharmacokinetics of AZT is changed when trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (SMX/TMP) is given at the same time, or whether the pharmacokinetics of SMX/TMP is altered by AZT given at the same time. AZT has been effective in treating HIV infection in some patients with AIDS, and SMX/TMP is an antibiotic combination which is useful in preventing or treating Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP). It is important to know how drugs interact in patients because addition of a second drug may change the speed at which a drug is eliminated from the body, and cause increased toxic effects or decreased therapeutic effects.
|Condition||Treatment or Intervention|
|HIV Infections || Drug: Sulfamethoxazole-Trimethoprim |
MedlinePlus related topics: AIDS
Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Treatment, Open Label
Expected Total Enrollment: 10
AZT has been effective in treating HIV infection in some patients with AIDS, and SMX/TMP is an antibiotic combination which is useful in preventing or treating Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP). It is important to know how drugs interact in patients because addition of a second drug may change the speed at which a drug is eliminated from the body, and cause increased toxic effects or decreased therapeutic effects.
Patients with HIV infection take AZT every 4 hours and/or SMX/TMP every 8 hours by mouth for 4 days as outpatients and then come into the clinical research center for 2 days of studies. On day 5 the final dose of medicine is given orally SMX/TMP or by intravenous infusion (AZT). Blood samples are drawn 10-20 times over a period of 12 hours and urine is collected for 36 hours. Concentrations of the drugs in the blood and urine samples are determined. This sequence is repeated twice, so that each patient takes AZT alone, SMX/TMP alone, and the combination of AZT and SMX/TMP over a period of about 3 weeks. Patients may be included in the study if they are asymptomatic, or have been diagnosed with ARC or AIDS, but not if they have PCP or any other severe opportunistic infection.
Ages Eligible for Study: 18 Years - 50 Years, Genders Eligible for Study: Both
Prior Medication: Allowed:
- Zidovudine (AZT) for patients with AIDS.
- AIDS related complex (ARC). The presence of any one of the following findings within 12 months prior to entry and the absence of a concurrent illness or condition other than HIV infection to explain the findings:
- Fever of > 38.5 degrees C persisting for longer than 3 weeks.
- Involuntary weight loss of > 15 lbs. or > 10 percent of baseline noted in a 120-day period prior to evaluation.
- Diarrhea (> 2 liquid stools per day) persisting for longer than 1 month.
- History of clinical diagnosis of oral candidiasis or hairy leukoplakia.
- Patients who have AIDS-associated opportunistic infections or tumors.
- Patients eligible for AZT under the labeling.
- A positive HIV antibody test. Exceptions will be made for patients with a previously positive HIV antibody test with progressive disease and patients where virus isolation has been made.
- Patient with stable Kaposi's sarcoma, mild herpes infection, mild or stable depression, asymptomatic or mild cytomegalovirus or Epstein-Barr virus infection, or a hepatitis B virus carrier state will be acceptable for study.
- A life expectancy of at least 3 months.
Co-existing Condition: Patients with the following are excluded:
- Severe ongoing opportunistic infections including Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP), cryptococcal or toxoplasmosis meningo-encephalitis, disseminated herpes simplex or herpes zoster.
- Significant diarrhea at entry ( > 1 watery stool per day).
Concurrent Medication: Excluded:
Prior Medication: Excluded within 30 days of study entry:
- Other antiretroviral agents or immunomodulating agents.
- Patient has demonstrated prior sensitivity or has experienced significant adverse effects during prior therapy with the drugs to be used in the study.
- Patient cannot abstain from alcohol or any other drugs, including nonprescription medication, during the study period.
Univ of Pittsburgh Med School, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
Ptachcinski R, Study Chair
Click here for more information about Zidovudine
Click here for more information about Sulfamethoxazole-Trimethoprim
Canas E, Pachon J, Viciana P, Garcia-Pesquera F, Castillo JR, Jimenez-Mejias ME. Effect of trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole on zidovudine kinetics in HIV infected patients. Program Abstr Intersci Conf Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1994 Oct 4-7:168
Record last reviewed: October 1991
Last Updated: April 7, 2005
Record first received: November 2, 1999
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00000734
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on 2005-04-08
Cache Date: April 9, 2005