Efavirenz and Lamivudine/Zidovudine for Treatment-Naive HIV Infected Adults and Adolescents in Senegal - Article Azidothymidine Capsule; AZT Capsule; Compound S Capsule; Retrovir Capsule
Clinical Trial: Efavirenz and Lamivudine/Zidovudine for Treatment-Naive HIV Infected Adults and Adolescents in Senegal
This study is not yet open for patient recruitment.
The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and effectiveness of the anti-HIV drugs efavirenz and lamivudine/zidovudine given to treatment-naive HIV infected people in Dakar, Senegal.
|Condition||Treatment or Intervention|
|HIV Infections || Drug: Efavirenz |
MedlinePlus related topics: AIDS
Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Treatment, Non-Randomized, Open Label, Uncontrolled, Single Group Assignment, Safety/Efficacy Study
Expected Total Enrollment: 44
Study start: February 2005
Despite a relatively low prevalence of HIV infection, all HIV subtypes have been documented in Senegal. Data on mutations that confer resistance to antiretroviral (ARV) drugs are limited to HIV subtype B; adherence data are also limited. The study will evaluate the safety and efficacy of an ARV regimen given to treatment-naive HIV infected adults and adolescents. The study will also examine the characteristics of virologic failure and adherence in this treatment group. Participants will be recruited at two sites in Dakar, Senegal.
This study will last 96 weeks. At study entry, all study participants will be given an ARV regimen of lamivudine/zidovudine twice daily and efavirenz once daily. If toxicity or treatment failure occurs, some participants may require changes in their ARV regimens. There will be 14 study visits; a physical exam, blood collection, and sociodemographic and medication history assessments will occur at each visit. Participants will also be asked to complete quality-of-life and adherence questionnaires.
Ages Eligible for Study: 15 Years and above, Genders Eligible for Study: Both
- HIV-1 infected
- Have never taken antiretroviral drugs
- CD4 count of 200 cells/mm3 or less within 30 days of study entry if asymptomatic OR CD4 count of 350 cells/mm3 or less within 60 days of study entry if CDC Category A or B clinical condition present OR clinical diagnosis of AIDS, regardless of CD4 count
- Viral load of more than 1000 copies/ml within 60 days of study entry
- Willing to stay in the study area for the duration of the study
- Willing to use acceptable forms of contraception
- Parent or guardian willing to provide informed consent, if applicable
- HIV-2 infected
- Major genotypic resistance to any of the first-line drugs, as determined by the protocol team
- Systemic chemotherapy (except interferon) within 6 months prior to study entry
- Current drug or alcohol abuse that, in the opinion of the investigator, may interfere with the study
- Serious illness, including any active AIDS-defining infection, active tuberculosis, malaria, or any illness requiring systemic treatment or hospitalization. People who have completed therapy or are clinically stable on therapy for at least 14 days prior to study entry are not excluded.
- Serious psychiatric problems within 60 days of study entry, including depression, suicidal thoughts or attempts, aggressive behavior, or psychosis-like symptoms
- Have taken certain medications within 30 days of study entry
- Pregnancy or breastfeeding
Souleymane Mboup, Study Chair, Laboratoire de Bacteriologic et de Virologie, Hospital Le Dantec Avenue Pasteur
Click here for more information on efavirenz
Click here for more information on lamivudine/zidovudine
Haga clic aquí para ver información sobre este ensayo clínico en español.
Meda N, Ndoye I, M'Boup S, Wade A, Ndiaye S, Niang C, Sarr F, Diop I, Carael M. Low and stable HIV infection rates in Senegal: natural course of the epidemic or evidence for success of prevention? AIDS. 1999 Jul 30;13(11):1397-405.
Record last reviewed: January 2005
Last Updated: April 1, 2005
Record first received: January 3, 2005
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00100568
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on 2005-04-08
Cache Date: April 9, 2005