Neurological Complications of AIDS Information Page - Article Nerve Diseases; Neurologic Diseases
Article: Neurological Complications of AIDS Information Page
What is Neurological Complications of AIDS?
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is the result of an infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This virus attacks selected cells of the immune, nervous, and other systems and impairs their proper function. HIV infection may cause damage to the brain and spinal cord via encephalitis (inflammation of the brain) and meningitis (inflammation of the membranes surrounding the brain). It can also cause nerve damage, difficulties in thinking (i.e., AIDS dementia complex), behavioral changes, poor circulation, headache, and stroke. AIDS-related cancers such as lymphoma and opportunistic infections (OI) may also affect the nervous system. Neurological symptoms may be mild in the early stages of AIDS, but can become severe in the final stages. Complications vary widely from one patient to another. Cerebral toxoplasmosis, a common OI in AIDS patients, causes such symptoms as headache, confusion, lethargy, and low-grade fever. Other symptoms may include weakness, speech disturbance, ataxia, apraxia, seizures, and sensory loss. Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML), a disorder that can also occur in AIDS patients, causes weakness, hemiparesis or facial weakness, dysphasia, vision loss, and ataxia. Some patients with PML may also develop compromised memory and cognition.
Is there any treatment?
What is the prognosis?
What research is being done?
Select this link to view a list of studies currently seeking patients.
|Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation |
2950 31st Street
Santa Monica, CA 90405
Tel: 310-314-1459 888-499-HOPE (-4673)
|American Foundation for AIDS Research |
120 Wall Street
New York, New York 10005-3902
|National Association of People with AIDS |
1413 K Street, NW
Washington, DC 20005-3442
|National NeuroAIDS Tissue Consortium |
401 N. Washington Street
Rockville, MD 20850
Tel: 800-510-1678 301-251-1161 ext. 186
|National Prevention Information Network |
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, DHHS
P.O. Box 6003
Rockville, MD 20849-6003
Tel: 301-562-1098 800-458-5231
|National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) |
National Institutes of Health, DHHS
6610 Rockledge Drive, MSC 6612
Bethesda, MD 20892-6612
|AIDSInfo (AIDS Information Service) |
P.O. Box 6303
Rockville, MD 20849-6303
Tel: 301-519-0459 800-HIV-0440 (448-0440) TTY: 888-480-3739
Source: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
Cache Date: December 16, 2004