Clinical Trial: The DIAMOND Study: Distensibility Improvement And Remodeling in Diastolic Heart Failure

This study is no longer recruiting patients.

Sponsored by: Alteon Inc.
Information provided by: Alteon Inc.


The purpose of this study is to test the hypothesis that treatment with oral ALT-711 twice daily for 16 weeks will improve aortic distensibility, exercise tolerance, and quality of life in elderly patients with isolated diastolic heart failure (DHF), and that the improvements in exercise tolerance will correlate with the improvements in aortic distensibility.

Condition Treatment or Intervention Phase
Heart Failure, Congestive
Pulmonary Edema
 Drug: ALT-711
Phase II

MedlinePlus related topics:  Breathing Problems;   Heart Failure;   Respiratory Diseases

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Treatment, Non-Randomized, Open Label, Historical Control, Single Group Assignment, Safety/Efficacy Study

Official Title: A Pilot Study Of ALT-711 In Elderly Patients With Isolated Diastolic Heart Failure: The DIAMOND Study

Further Study Details: 

Expected Total Enrollment:  20

Study start: July 2002


Ages Eligible for Study:  60 Years and above,  Genders Eligible for Study:  Both


Inclusion Criteria

1. Men or women ≥ 60 years of age.

2. Diagnosis of congestive heart failure with one or both of the following criteria: a Heart Failure Clinical Score ≥ 3 based on the NHANES-I criteria and/or a history of either acute pulmonary edema or the occurrence of 2 or more of the following with subsequent improvement with diuretic therapy and with no other identifiable cause: dyspnea on exertion, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, orthopnea, systemic edema, exertional fatigue.

3. Left ventricular ejection fraction ≥ 50% based on the baseline Doppler echocardiography test.

4. Ability to provide written informed consent.

5. Ability to comply with procedures specified in the study protocol.

Exclusion Criteria

1. Valvular heart disease as the primary etiology of congestive heart failure.

2. Significant change in cardiovascular medication(s) <3 weeks prior to the baseline visit.

3. Uncontrolled hypertension.

4. History of stroke, or any sequelae of a transient ischemic attack (TIA), reversible ischemic neurologic defect (RIND), or stroke, within the last 12 months prior to entry into the study.

5. Cancer or other noncardiovascular conditions with life expectancy less than 2 years.

6. Significant anemia defined as a hemoglobin <11 gm/dL.

7. Significant renal insufficiency defined as a serum creatinine >2.5 mg/dL.

8. Significant hepatic insufficiency defined as an SGPT (ALT) or SGOT (AST) >2.5 times the upper limit of normal.

9. Psychiatric disease (including uncontrolled major psychoses, depression, dementia, or personality disorder) or any additional condition(s) which, in the investigator’s opinion, would prohibit the patient from completing the study, or not be in the best interest of the patient.

10. Presence or history of drug or alcohol abuse.

11. Prior exposure to ALT-711 or use of any other investigational drugs within 30 days prior to screening.

12. Known seropositivity for HIV or hepatitis C, or presence of hepatitis B surface antigen.

13. Severe COPD requiring recurrent oral steroids, oxygen at home or more than one inhaler.

14. Baseline echocardiogram demonstrating the presence of left ventricular ejection fraction <50%.

15. Unstable or uncontrolled myocardial ischemia, with no wall abnormality.

16. Screening Familiarization Exercise Test demonstrating the presence of any of the following findings: evidence of significant ischemia (consisting of ECG finding of > 1 mm flat ST depression confirmed with echocardiogram wall motion, or wall motion abnormality or decrease in global contractility on echocardiogram, or inability to continue exercising due to significant chest or leg pain or any reason other than exhaustion/fatigue/dyspnea, exercise SBP >240 mm Hg, DBP >110 mmHg, unstable hemodynamics or rhythm, or unwilling or unable to complete test adequately.

17. Any contraindications to magnetic resonance imaging including but not limited to indwelling metal-containing prosthesis (orthopedic, valvular, other), pacemaker or defibrillator, history of welding occupation (ocular metal debris), or uncontrollable claustrophobia.

Location Information

North Carolina
      Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center, Department of Cardiology, Winston Salem,  North Carolina,  27157-1045,  United States

South Carolina
      Medical University of South Carolina and Ralph H. Johnson VA Medical Center, Charleston,  South Carolina,  29425 and 29401,  United States

Study chairs or principal investigators

Dalane W Kitzman, MD,  Principal Investigator,  Associate Professor of Medicine and Cardiology, Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center   
Michael R Zile, MD,  Principal Investigator,  Charles Ezra Daniel Professor of Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina   

More Information

Alteon's website, containing more information about The DIAMOND Study.


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Vaitkevicius PV, Lane M, Spurgeon H, Ingram DK, Roth GS, Egan JJ, Vasan S, Wagle DR, Ulrich P, Brines M, Wuerth JP, Cerami A, Lakatta EG. A cross-link breaker has sustained effects on arterial and ventricular properties in older rhesus monkeys. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2001 Jan 30;98(3):1171-5.

Warner JG Jr, Metzger DC, Kitzman DW, Wesley DJ, Little WC. Losartan improves exercise tolerance in patients with diastolic dysfunction and a hypertensive response to exercise. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1999 May;33(6):1567-72.

Wolffenbuttel BH, Boulanger CM, Crijns FR, Huijberts MS, Poitevin P, Swennen GN, Vasan S, Egan JJ, Ulrich P, Cerami A, Levy BI. Breakers of advanced glycation end products restore large artery properties in experimental diabetes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998 Apr 14;95(8):4630-4.

Zile MR, Brutsaert DL. New concepts in diastolic dysfunction and diastolic heart failure: Part I: diagnosis, prognosis, and measurements of diastolic function. Circulation. 2002 Mar 19;105(11):1387-93. Review. No abstract available.

Zile MR, Brutsaert DL. New concepts in diastolic dysfunction and diastolic heart failure: Part II: causal mechanisms and treatment. Circulation. 2002 Mar 26;105(12):1503-8. Review. No abstract available.

Zile MR, Gaasch WH, Carroll JD, Feldman MD, Aurigemma GP, Schaer GL, Ghali JK, Liebson PR. Heart failure with a normal ejection fraction: is measurement of diastolic function necessary to make the diagnosis of diastolic heart failure? Circulation. 2001 Aug 14;104(7):779-82.

Kitzman DW. Diastolic heart failure in the elderly. Heart Fail Rev. 2002 Jan;7(1):17-27. Review.

Kitzman DW. Heart failure with normal systolic function. Clin Geriatr Med. 2000 Aug;16(3):489-512. Review.

Kitzman DW. Diastolic dysfunction in the elderly. Genesis and diagnostic and therapeutic implications. Cardiol Clin. 2000 Aug;18(3):597-617, x. Review.

Study ID Numbers:  ALT-711-0214
Record last reviewed:  August 2003
Last Updated:  October 13, 2004
Record first received:  August 14, 2002 Identifier:  NCT00043836
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration processed this record on 2005-04-08

Cache Date: April 9, 2005