Behavioral and Immunological Factors in Coronary Disease - Article Depression/depressive Disorders
Clinical Trial: Behavioral and Immunological Factors in Coronary Disease
This study is no longer recruiting patients.
To explore the immune/inflammatory processes as pathways between depression/exhaustion and coronary artery disease (CAD) progression.
|Cardiovascular Diseases |
MedlinePlus related topics: Coronary Disease; Depression; Heart Diseases; Heart Diseases--Prevention; Vascular Diseases
Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Natural History, Longitudinal
Study start: July 2001; Study completion: May 2006
BACKGROUND: Recent studies demonstrate that the immune system plays an important role in coronary artery disease (CAD). Research also shows that psychological factors such as major depression and acute mental stress are involved in the clinical progression of CAD. Depression is associated with higher levels of immune parameters that play a role in CAD (cytokines, markers of low grade inflammation, infectious pathogen burden, and adhesion molecules), and most of these measures also increase in response to acute physical and mental stress. The pathophysiological mechanisms linking depression and mental stress with adverse cardiovascular outcomes may therefore be mediated by immunological factors.
DESIGN NARRATIVE: The study examines clinical outcomes in patients who undergo percutaneous coronary revascularization, because a major problem remains the frequent (20 percent-40 percent) occurrence of coronary restenosis and new cardiac events in the six months after the intervention. These adverse outcomes have substantial impact on the costs of medical care and patients' quality of life. Since previous research has not examined the role of behaviorally-induced changes in immune parameters in the prediction of CAD progression, the following immunological measures will be examined: cytokines (IL-1B, IL-4, IL-6, IFNy, TNFa), acute phase proteins (CRP, fibrinogen), lymphocyte counts and differential, adhesion molecules (ICAM-1, LFA, L-selectin), and a composite measure of pathogen burden (CMV, H. pylori, C. pneumoniae). Using a longitudinal design, this project will determine the time course of changes in depression and changes in immune parameters. Moreover, the present study will determine the contribution of behavioral and immunological factors in the clinical progression of coronary disease following coronary angioplasty. These data may therefore improve the identification of patients at risk for recurrent cardiac events and restenosis after coronary angioplasty, and provide further understanding of the pathophysiological mechanisms involved in coronary disease progression.
Genders Eligible for Study: Both
Willem Kop, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
Kop WJ, Gottdiener JS, Tangen CM, Fried LP, McBurnie MA, Walston J, Newman A, Hirsch C, Tracy RP. Inflammation and coagulation factors in persons > 65 years of age with symptoms of depression but without evidence of myocardial ischemia. Am J Cardiol. 2002 Feb 15;89(4):419-24.
Kop WJ. The integration of cardiovascular behavioral medicine and psychoneuroimmunology: new developments based on converging research fields. Brain Behav Immun. 2003 Aug; 17(4): 233-7. Review.
Record last reviewed: December 2004
Last Updated: December 13, 2004
Record first received: May 16, 2002
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00037284
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on 2005-04-08
Cache Date: April 9, 2005
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