Article: Heart disease

Heart disease is one of a number of different diseases which afflict the heart. The most common heart diseases are:

  • Coronary heart disease, the end result of the accumulation of atheromatous plaques within the walls of the arteries that supply the myocardium
  • Ischaemic heart disease, a disease characterized by reduced blood supply to the heart.
  • Cardiovascular disease, a class of diseases that involve the heart and/or blood vessels (arteries and veins).Implies under this category some popular diseases like: diabetes, high blood pressure and cholesterol.
  • Pulmonary heart disease, a failure of the right side of the heart.
  • Hereditary heart disease
  • Hypertensive heart disease
  • Inflammatory heart disease
Cardiovascular system - Heart - edit
atria (interatrial septum) | ventricles (interventricular septum) | valves (chordae tendinae, papillary muscle)

right heart(vena cavae, coronary sinus) â†’ right atrium (fossa ovalis) â†’ tricuspid valve â†’ right ventricle â†’ pulmonic valve 
→ (pulmonary artery and pulmonary circulation)

left heart: (pulmonary veins) → left atrium → mitral valve → left ventricle → aortic valve
→ (aorta, aortic sinus and systemic circulation)

pericardium | epicardium | endocardium | myocardium

conduction system: cardiac pacemaker | Purkinje fibers | bundle of His | SA node | AV node

heart disease

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