Clinical Trial: A Naturalistic Study of the Efficacy and Safety of Escitalopram in Treatment Resistant Depression

This study is not yet open for patient recruitment.
Verified by Sheba Medical Center September 2005

Sponsored by: Sheba Medical Center
Information provided by: Sheba Medical Center Identifier: NCT00220480


The primary objective of this multicenter study is to evaluate the efficacy of escitalopram in treatment resistant depression (TRD), assessed by 2 consecutive failed antidepressant treatments from different classes. The last treatment received is a 6 week prospective trial with venlafaxine.
Condition Intervention
Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)
Treatment Resistant Depression (TRD)
 Drug: escitalopram

MedlinePlus related topics:  Mental Health

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Non-Randomized, Open Label, Uncontrolled, Single Group Assignment


Ages Eligible for Study:  18 Years   -   65 Years,  Genders Eligible for Study:  Both

Inclusion Criteria:

Any patient who meets all of the following criteria is eligible for inclusion in the Prospective phase I of the study:

  1. The patient is able to read and understand the patient information sheet.
  2. Prior to any screening procedures, the patient must have signed the informed consent form. No study-related procedures may be performed before the patient has signed the form.
  3. The patient is an in- or outpatient, male or female.
  4. The patient is between 18 and 65 years of age.
  5. The patient suffers from a diagnosis of recurrent Major Depressive Disorder (current episode assessed with the MINI), moderate or severe, according to DSM-IV-TR criteria (classification code = 296.3x).
  6. The patient has a total score of 22 or higher on the MADRS.
  7. The patient has been treated for the current episode with an antidepressant (other than escitalopram or venlafaxine) prescribed continuously at the optimal dose (see table Appendix 1) for at least the 4 weeks preceding selection (AD1).
  8. The investigator considerers to switch treatment to venlafaxine (AD2) and to prescribe it at its optimal dose, defined by the study protocol.

Exclusion Criteria:

Any patient who meets one or more of the following criteria cannot be included in the screening phase of the study:

  1. The patient has previously participated in this study.
  2. Results from blood sampling at selection show for the antidepressant prescribed (AD1), that plasma concentration is below the expected threshold according to time of last intake.
  3. The patient has taken another antidepressant in combination to the antidepressant to which he/she is considered as non-responder (AD1).
  4. The patient has one or more of the following conditions:

    1. Any current psychiatric disorder established as the principal diagnosis other than Major depressive episode as defined in the DSM-IV-TR (assessed with the MINI).
    2. Any Substance disorder (except nicotine and caffeine) within the previous 6 months as defined in the DSM-IV-TR.
    3. Any severe personality disorder according to investigator clinical judgement, that might compromise the study.
  5. The patient uses disallowed recent or concomitant medication within the specified time periods:

    1. oral antipsychotic drugs within 2 months and depot antipsychotic preparations within the past 6 months.
    2. ECT within the past 6 months.
    3. lithium, carbamazepine, valproate or valpromide within the past month.
    4. any benzodiazepines at a dose higher than 10 mg diazepam or equivalent, within the last week.
    5. any non-benzodiazepine anxiolytics within the last week.
    6. serotonin agonists (e.g. triptans) within the last week.
    7. any other drug with potential psychotropic effects within the last week.
    8. any drug known to lower blood pressure in the last week.
  6. The patient has been treated with any investigational product within 3 months prior to screening.
  7. The patient has been treated during the current episode with escitalopram or venlafaxine.
  8. The patient has a history of severe drug allergy or hypersensitivity, or known hypersensitivity to escitalopram or venlafaxine.
  9. The patient started (or will start) formal psychotherapy in the month preceding inclusion.
  10. The patient has a previous history of convulsive disorder other than a single childhood febrile seizure.
  11. The patient presents evidence of urinary retention or glaucoma.
  12. The patient has a serious illness and/or serious sequelae thereof, including liver or renal insufficiency, or a cardiovascular, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, endocrine, neurological, infectious, neoplastic, or metabolic disturbance.
  13. The patient has, in the opinion of the investigator, on the basis of a physical examination, medical history and vital signs, a comorbid conditions(s) that would render inclusion in the study unsafe.
  14. The patient takes medication that, in the opinion of the investigator, could interfere with the assessments of safety, tolerability, or efficacy.
  15. The patient, in the opinion of the investigator, is unlikely to comply with the clinical study protocol or is unsuitable for any reason

Location and Contact Information

Please refer to this study by identifier  NCT00220480

Leah Fostick, MA      +972-3-5357805

      Chaim Sheba Medical Center, RAMAT-GAN,  52621,  Israel
Leah Fostick, MA  +972-3-5357805 

      Rambam Medical Center, Haifa,  Israel
Leah Fostick, MA  +972-3-5357805 

      Ness Ziona Mental Health Center, Ness Ziona,  Israel
Leah Fostick, MA  +972-3-5357805 

      Gehah Mental Health Center, Petach Tikva,  Israel
Leah Fostick, MA  +972-3-5357805 

Study chairs or principal investigators

Joseph Zohar, MD,  Principal Investigator,  Tel Aviv University   

More Information

Study ID Numbers:  TRD-escitalopram
Last Updated:  September 26, 2005
Record first received:  September 14, 2005 Identifier:  NCT00220480
Health Authority: Israel: Ministry of Health processed this record on 2005-09-27


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