Colorectal cancer, also called colon cancer or bowel cancer, includes cancerous growths in the colon, rectum and appendix. It is the third most common form of cancer and the second leading cause of death among cancers in the Western world. Many colorectal cancers are thought to arise from adenomatous polyps in the colon. These mushroom-like growths are usually benign, but some may develop into cancer over time. The majority of the time, the diagnosis of localized colon cancer is through col ...
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Colorectal Cancer Articles

   

Colorectal Cancer Articles

  • Asbestos Exposure: Questions and Answers
    ... Key Points “Asbestos” is the name given to a group of minerals that occur naturally as bundles of fibers (see Question 1). Exposure to asbestos may increase the risk of asbestosis, lung cancer, mesoth...
  • Biological Therapies for Cancer: Questions and Answers
    ... Key Points Biological therapies use the body’s immune system to fight cancer or to lessen the side effects that may be caused by some cancer treatments (see Question 1). Biological response modi...
  • Colon Cancer Treatment
    ... Recurrent colon cancer is cancer that has recurred (come back) after it has been treated. The cancer may come back in the colon or in other parts of the body, such as the liver, lungs, or both. The PD...
  • Colonoscopy
    ... The digestive system Colonoscopy (koh-luh-NAH-skuh-pee) lets the physician look inside your entire large intestine, from the lowest part, the rectum, all the way up through the colon to the lower end ...
  • Colorectal Cancer Prevention
    ... Cancer of the colon or rectum is often called colorectal cancer. The colon and the rectum are part of the large intestine, which is part of the digestive system. Tumors found in the colon or rectum ma...
  • Colorectal Cancer Prevention
    ... Cancer of the colon or rectum is often called colorectal cancer. The colon and the rectum are part of the large intestine, which is part of the digestive system. Tumors found in the colon or rectum ma...
  • Colorectal Cancer Screening
    ... Screening is looking for cancer before a person has any symptoms. This can help find cancer at an early stage. When abnormal tissue or cancer is found early, it may be easier to treat. By the time sym...
  • Colorectal Cancer Screening: Questions and Answers
    ... What is colorectal cancer? Colorectal cancer is a disease in which cells in the colon or rectum become abnormal and divide without normal control or order, forming a mass called a tumor. (The colon an...
  • Digestive Diseases Dictionary
    ... This dictionary defines words that are often used when talking or writing about digestive diseases. It is designed for people who have digestive diseases and their families and friends. The words are ...
  • Familial adenomatous polyposis
    ... Familial adenomatous polyposis, often called FAP, is an inherited colorectal cancer syndrome. Cancer usually develops in the lower part of the digestive system, including the colon (large intestine) a...
  • Flexible Sigmoidoscopy
    ... The digestive system Flexible sigmoidoscopy (SIG-moy-DAH-skuh-pee) enables the physician to look at the inside of the large intestine from the rectum through the last part of the colon, called the sig...
  • Genes and Disease: Colon cancer
    ... The American Cancer Society estimates that there will be 93,800 new cases of colon cancer diagnosed in the US in 2000, with 47,700 resulting deaths. All kinds of cancer occur when cell division, norma...
  • Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer
    ... Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer, often called HNPCC or Lynch syndrome, is a type of inherited cancer of the digestive tract, particularly the colon (large intestine) and rectum. People with ...
  • Heterocyclic Amines in Cooked Meats
    ... Research has shown that cooking certain meats at high temperatures creates chemicals that are not present in uncooked meats. A few of these chemicals may increase cancer risk. For example, heterocycli...
  • Ileostomy, Colostomy, and Ileoanal Reservoir Surgery
    ... Sometimes treatment for Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, and familial adenomatous polyposis involves removing all or part of the intestines. When the intestines are removed, the body needs a n...
  • Interpreting Laboratory Test Results
    ... A laboratory test is a medical procedure in which a sample of blood, urine, or other tissues or substances in the body is checked for certain features. Such tests are often used as part of a routine c...
  • Lower GI Series
    ... The digestive system A lower gastrointestinal (GI) series uses x rays to diagnose problems in the large intestine, which includes the colon and rectum. The lower GI series may show problems like abnor...
  • Metastatic Cancer: Questions and Answers
    ... Key Points Cancer occurs when cells become abnormal and grow without control (see Question 1). The place where the cancer started is called the primary cancer or the primary tumor (see Question 2). Me...
  • Preguntas y respuestas acerca del cáncer metastásico
    ... ¿Qué es el cáncer? El cáncer es un grupo de diferentes enfermedades que empiezan en las células, la unidad básica del cuerpo para vivir. Normalmente, las células crecen, se dividen y reproducen a medi...
  • Radiation Therapy for Cancer: Questions and Answers
    ... Key Points Radiation therapy uses ionizing radiation to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors (see Question 1). About half of all people with cancer are treated with radiation therapy, either alone or i...
  • Rectal Cancer Treatment
    ... Recurrent rectal cancer is cancer that has recurred (come back) after it has been treated. The cancer may come back in the rectum or in other parts of the body, such as the colon, pelvis, liver, or lu...
  • Targeted Cancer Therapies:Questions and Answers
    ... Key Points Targeted cancer therapies use drugs that block the growth and spread of cancer by interfering with specific molecules involved in carcinogenesis (the process by which normal cells become ca...
  • Tumor Grade: Questions and Answers
    ... Key Points Tumor grade is a system used to classify cancer cells in terms of how abnormal they look under a microscope and how quickly the tumor is likely to grow and spread (see Question 2). A pathol...
  • Tumor markers
    ... Tumor markers are substances that can often be detected in higher-than-normal amounts in the blood, urine, or body tissues of some patients with certain types of cancer. Tumor markers are produced eit...
  • Virtual Colonoscopy
    ... Virtual colonoscopy (VC) uses x rays and computers to produce two- and three-dimensional images of the colon (large intestine) from the lowest part, the rectum, all the way to the lower end of the sma...