Traumatic Brain Injury Information Page - Article
Article: Traumatic Brain Injury Information Page
What is Traumatic Brain Injury?
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs when a sudden physical assault on the head causes damage to the brain. The damage can be focal, confined to one area of the brain, or diffuse, involving more than one area of the brain. TBI can result from a closed head injury or a penetrating head injury. A closed head injury occurs when the head suddenly and violently hits an object, but the object does not break through the skull. A penetrating head injury occurs when an object pierces the skull and enters the brain tissue. Several types of traumatic injuries can affect the head and brain. A skull fracture occurs when the bone of the skull cracks or breaks. A depressed skull fracture occurs when pieces of the broken skull press into the tissue of the brain. This can cause bruising of the brain tissue, called a contusion. A contusion can also occur in response to shaking of the brain within the confines of the skull, an injury called "countrecoup." Shaken baby syndrome is a severe form of head injury that occurs when a baby is shaken forcibly enough to cause extreme countrecoup injury. Damage to a major blood vessel within the head can cause a hematoma, or heavy bleeding into or around the brain. The severity of a TBI can range from a mild concussion to the extremes of coma or even death. A coma is a profound or deep state of unconsciousness. Symptoms of a TBI may include headache, nausea, confusion or other cognitive problems, a change in personality, depression, irritability, and other emotional and behavioral problems. Some people may have seizures as a result of a TBI.
Is there any treatment?
What is the prognosis?
What research is being done?
Select this link to view a list of studies currently seeking patients.
|Acoustic Neuroma Association |
600 Peachtree Parkway
Cumming, GA 30041
|Brain Injury Association |
8201 Greensboro Drive
McLean, VA 22102
Tel: 703-761-0750 800-444-6443
|Brain Trauma Foundation |
523 East 72nd Street
New York, NY 10021
|Family Caregiver Alliance |
690 Market Street
San Francisco, CA 94104
Tel: 415-434-3388 800-445-8106
|National Rehabilitation Information Center (NARIC) |
4200 Forbes Boulevard
Lanham, MD 20706-4829
Tel: 301-459-5900/301-459-5984 (TTY) 800-346-2742
|National Stroke Association |
9707 East Easter Lane
Englewood, CO 80112-3747
Tel: 303-649-9299 800-STROKES (787-6537)
|National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR) |
U.S. Department of Education Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services
400 Maryland Ave., S.W.
Washington, DC 20202
Source: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
Cache Date: December 16, 2004