Clinical Trial: Comparison of Inactivated and Live, Attenuated Influenza Vaccine in Children 5-9 Years of Age-Year 3 Amendment

This study is currently recruiting patients.
Verified by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) August 2005

Sponsored by: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Information provided by: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00138385

Purpose

This is a Phase 4, single-center, randomized study of the immune responses of 5-9 year-old children given one of two licensed influenza vaccines (either inactivated vaccine given IM or live, attenuated vaccine given intranasally). The study will assess the CD4 and CD8 T-cell responses and B-cell effector and B-cell memory responses
Condition Intervention Phase
Influenza
 Vaccine: FluMist
 Vaccine: Fluzone
Phase IV

MedlinePlus related topics:  Flu

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Prevention, Randomized, Open Label, Parallel Assignment

Official Title: A Randomized Comparison of the Immune Response to Either Inactivated or Live, Attenuated Influenza Vaccine in Children 5-9 Years of Age. Subset Follow-Up for NP Samples for Influenza PCR.

Further Study Details: 

Expected Total Enrollment:  40

This is a Phase 4, single-center, randomized clinical trial of the immune responses of children to one of two licensed influenza vaccines (either inactivated vaccine given IM or live, attenuated vaccine given intranasally). This study will enroll 40 healthy children 5-9 years of age. Subjects will be randomized to receive either FluMist or Fluzone. FluMist is approved for children older than 5 years and Fluzone is also approved for a broader age indication starting at 6 months. Subjects who receive FluMist will have the vaccine administered intranasally by large particle aerosol, 0.25 mL per nostril. Subjects receiving Fluzone will receive 0.5 mL given intramuscularly into the non-dominant deltoid muscle. Children who have not previously been immunized against influenza will receive a second dose of vaccine 4 weeks after the first dose. Children who receive two doses of vaccine will remain on the study for 8-10 weeks. The primary objective of this study is to compare the effector B cell responses at Day7-9 and the CD4 and CD8 T-cell responses, memory B-cell and the serology responses at Day 28 post-immunization following administration of one of two different influenza vaccines. We will evaluate any increases in the immune response (CD4, CD8, B cell and serology responses) Day 0 to Day 7-9 for T-cells and ASCs, and from Day 0-28 for memory B-cell and serology responses. NK-cell and homing studies will also be compared between the groups.

Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:  5 Years   -   9 Years,  Genders Eligible for Study:  Both

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Healthy children aged 5-9 years of age.
  • Parents willing to sign informed consent.
  • Availability for follow-up for the planned duration of the study at least 4 weeks after last immunization.
  • Acceptable medical history by screening evaluation and brief clinical assessment.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of immunodeficiency.
  • Known or suspected impairment of immunologic function including, but not limited to, clinically significant liver disease; diabetes mellitus; moderate to severe kidney impairment.
  • Household contact with immunodeficiency due to disease, medication or radiation.
  • Child receiving aspirin therapy or aspirin-containing therapy.
  • History of Guillain-Barr� syndrome.
  • Malignancy, other than squamous cell or basal cell skin cancer.
  • Autoimmune disease.
  • History of asthma or reactive airways disease.
  • Chronic cardiovascular and pulmonary disorder.
  • Chronic metabolic diseases (including diabetes), renal dysfunction or hemoglobinopathies requiring regular medical follow-up or hospitalization during the preceding year.
  • Use of immunosuppressive medication. Corticosteroid nasal sprays are permissible.
  • Medical or psychiatric condition or occupational responsibilities that preclude subject compliance with the protocol.
  • Inactivated vaccine 14 days prior to vaccination.
  • Live, attenuated vaccines within 60 days of study.
  • Use of investigational agents within 30 days prior to study.
  • Receipt of blood products or immunoglobulin in the past 6 months.
  • Donation of the equivalent of a unit of blood within 6 weeks prior to enrollment.
  • Acute febrile illness on the day of vaccination.
  • Known allergies to any component of the vaccine, including thimerosal.
  • History of allergy to eggs or egg products.
  • Any condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, might interfere with study objectives.

Location and Contact Information

Please refer to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov identifier  NCT00138385

Ann Arvin      (650) 723-5682 

California
      Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford,  California,  94305,  United States; Recruiting

More Information

Study ID Numbers:  04-079
Last Updated:  August 29, 2005
Record first received:  August 26, 2005
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:  NCT00138385
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on 2005-08-30

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