Smallpox (also known by the Latin names Variola or Variola vera) is a highly contagious disease unique to humans. It is caused by two virus variants called Variola major and Variola minor. V. major is the more deadly form, with a typical mortality of 20-40 percent of those infected. The other type, V. minor, only kills 1% of its victims. Many survivors are left blind in one or both eyes from corneal ulcerations, and persistent skin scarring - pockmarks - is nearly universal. ...

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?Variola virus Virus classification Group: Group I (dsDNA) Fa ...
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Smallpox Symptoms

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Signs and symptoms
... The first symptoms of smallpox usually appear 12 to14 days after you''re infected. During the incubation period of seven to 17 days, you look and feel healthy and can''t infect others. Following the i...
Source: MayoClinic

Causes
... The variola virus causes smallpox. Under high magnification, variola particles look like rectangles with a deeply patterned surface. They''re sometimes referred to as bricks. Each brick is composed of...
Source: MayoClinic

Smallpox Prevention

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Prevention
... Smallpox is one of the most devastating of human diseases. In its 12,000-year history, it has probably killed more people than any other illness, including the plague. Yet no naturally occurring small...
Source: MayoClinic

Smallpox Treatment

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Complications
... Historically, variola major is fatal in about 30 percent of people who contract it. Almost no one survives the hemorrhagic and malignant forms of the disease. People who recover from smallpox usually ...
Source: MayoClinic

Treatment
... No cure for smallpox exists. There is some evidence that cidofovir — an antiviral medication normally used to treat an infection known as cytomegalovirus (CMV) — might prevent smallpox if ...
Source: MayoClinic

Smallpox Other

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What is Smallpox?
... Smallpox is a serious, contagious, and sometimes fatal infectious disease caused by a virus called the variola virus. The disease gets its name from the Latin word for spotted and refers to the small ...
Source: Cleveland Clinic

Fast Facts on Smallpox Disease
... Part One of a two-part series What is smallpox? Smallpox is a serious, contagious and sometimes fatal infectious disease. There is no specific treatment for smallpox disease, nor is there a cure. The ...
Source: Cleveland Clinic

   

Smallpox Articles

  • An Update on Smallpox
    ... By Michelle Meadows The last confirmed case of smallpox in the United States occurred in 1949, and the last naturally occurring case in the world was recorded in Somalia in 1977. Three years later, th...
  • Effectiveness of Safer Smallpox Vaccine Demonstrated Against Monkeypox
    ... A mild, experimental smallpox vaccine known as modified vaccinia Ankara (MVA) is nearly as effective as the standard smallpox vaccine in protecting monkeys against monkeypox, a study by researchers of...
  • Smallpox
    ... For the most recently updated information on smallpox, please see the smallpox site on the CDC Public Health Emergency Preparation and Response site at http://www.bt.cdc.gov/agent/smallpox/index.asp. ...

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