Impact of Exercise on Older Persons with Osteoarthritis - Article Degenerative Joint Disease; Osteoarthritis arthritis
Clinical Trial: Impact of Exercise on Older Persons with Osteoarthritis
This study is no longer recruiting patients.
Previous studies have found that exercise can reduce pain, improve endurance for physical activities, and improve cardiovascular fitness over time. However, these studies have not looked at the impact of exercise programs for older adults with osteoarthritis or at how long older adults continue exercising after a program is finished. This study will look at the long-term effects of a structured exercise program for people aged 60 or older who have osteoarthritis of the hip or knee. One goal of the exercise program is to encourage older people with osteoarthritis to continue exercising.
We will randomly assign study participants to either the exercise program or a control group that does not do the exercise program. We will monitor participants at the start of the study, at 8 weeks, and every 3 months for 2 years after the program is completed. The exercise program lasts for 8 weeks and includes an exercise part and an educational part led by trained physical therapists. We believe that participants in the treatment (exercise) group will show higher rates of continued exercise and higher functional status over time compared to the group of people who do not participate in the exercise program.
|Condition||Treatment or Intervention||Phase|
|Osteoarthritis || Procedure: Exercise intervention ||Phase II |
MedlinePlus related topics: Osteoarthritis
Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Prevention, Randomized, Open Label, Active Control, Single Group Assignment, Safety/Efficacy Study
Official Title: Impact of Exercise on Older Persons with Osteoarthritis (OA)
Expected Total Enrollment: 240
Study start: December 1983; Study completion: March 2002
Recent exercise interventions have demonstrated statistically significant short-term improvements in muscle strength, fitness, and physical activity in people under the age of 70. This study seeks to determine if those same benefits can be achieved in an older population (mean age 84) with osteoarthritis of the hip or knee. The study will examine the long-term effects of a structured exercise program that seeks to promote adherence to continued exercise.
We will randomly assign people who meet the study criteria to the exercise intervention or control group. We will conduct measures at baseline, at 8 weeks, and at 3-month intervals for 2 years following the intervention. The exercise component of the intervention will include lower extremity muscle strengthening, range-of-motion exercises, and fitness walking. An educational component will focus on arthritis self-efficacy and perceived self-reported exercise efficacy. We hypothesize that treatment group participants will exhibit higher rates of adherence to exercise and higher functional status outcomes over time compared to controls.
Ages Eligible for Study: 60 Years and above, Genders Eligible for Study: Both
- 60 years of age or older
- Presence of osteoarthritis of the lower extremities with an American College of Rheumatology functional class rating of I, II, or III
- No other contraindication from a personal physician for participation in the fitness walking
- Lack of moderate-to-severe cognitive impairment as assessed by the Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire
- Under 60 years of age
- Lack of osteoarthritis of the lower extremities
- Contraindication from a personal physician for participation in fitness walking
- Presence of moderate-to-severe cognitive impairment as assessed by the Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire
- Steroid injections in either hip or knee within the previous 6 months
- Uncomplicated knee or hip surgery within previous year
- Complicated knee or hip surgery within previous year
- Plans for total knee or hip replacement within the next year
- Rheumatoid arthritis or other systemic inflammatory arthritis
- Diabetes that is not under control
- Current participation in a structured aerobic exercise program
North Park Village, Chicago, Illinois, 60646, United States
Bernard Horwich Jewish Community Center, Chicago, Illinois, 60659, United States
Susan Hughes, Principal Investigator, Center for Research on Health and Aging
Hughes SL, Seymour RB, Campbell R, Pollak N, Huber G, Sharma L. Impact of the fit and strong intervention on older adults with osteoarthritis. Gerontologist. 2004 Apr;44(2):217-28.
Record last reviewed: February 2004
Last Updated: October 13, 2004
Record first received: January 21, 2000
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00000434
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on 2005-04-08
Cache Date: April 9, 2005