Jaundice, also known as icterus (attributive adjective: "icteric"), is a yellowing of the skin, sclera (the white of the eyes) and mucous membranes caused by increased levels of bilirubin in the human body (or the body of another red blooded animal). Usually the concentration of bilirubin in the blood must exceed 2–3 mg/dL for the coloration to be easily visible. Jaundice comes from the French word jaune, meaning yellow. Causes of jaundice When red blood cells die, the heme in their h ...
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Liver Diseases And Disorders Articles

  • Alagille syndrome
    ... Alagille syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects the liver, heart, and other systems of the body. Problems associated with the disorder generally become evident in infancy or early childhood. The ...
  • Chronic Hepatitis C: Current Disease Management
    ... The hepatitis C virus (HCV) is one of the most important causes of chronic liver disease in the United States. It accounts for about 15 percent of acute viral hepatitis, 60 to 70 percent of chronic he...
  • Digestive Diseases Dictionary
    ... This dictionary defines words that are often used when talking or writing about digestive diseases. It is designed for people who have digestive diseases and their families and friends. The words are ...
  • ERCP (Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography)
    ... The digestive system Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (en-doh-SKAH-pik REH-troh-grayd koh-LAN-jee-oh-PANG-kree-uh-TAH-gruh-fee) (ERCP) enables the physician to diagnose problems in the l...
  • Galactosemia
    ... Galactosemia is a disorder that affects how the body processes certain sugars (sugar metabolism). This condition results when the body is not able to process the sugar galactose, which is found in man...
  • Hepatitis
    ... Hepatitis is a liver disease. It makes your liver, an important organ in your body, swell up (or become inflamed) and stop working well. A healthy liver helps your body fight infections, stops bleedin...
  • Liver Biopsy
    ... The digestive system In a liver biopsy (BYE-op-see), the physician examines a small piece of tissue from your liver for signs of damage or disease. A special needle is used to remove the tissue from t...
  • Liver Transplantation
    ... Liver transplantation is surgery to remove a diseased liver and replace it with a healthy liver from an organ donor. A liver transplant is necessary when disease makes the liver stop working. The most...
  • Primary Biliary Cirrhosis
    ... Primary biliary cirrhosis is a liver disease that slowly destroys the bile ducts in the liver. Bile, a substance that helps digest fat, leaves the liver through these ducts. When the ducts are damaged...
  • Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis
    ... In primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), the bile ducts inside and outside the liver become inflamed and scarred. As the scarring increases, the ducts become blocked. The ducts are important because t...
  • What I need to know about Hepatitis A
    ... You can also get information about hepatitis A from these groups: American Liver Foundation (ALF) 75 Maiden Lane, Suite 603 New York, NY 10038-4810 Phone: 1-800-GO-LIVER (465-4837), 1-888-4HEP-USA (44...
  • What I need to know about Hepatitis B
    ... You can also get information about hepatitis B from these groups: American Liver Foundation (ALF) 75 Maiden Lane, Suite 603 New York, NY 10038-4810 Phone: 1-800-GO-LIVER (465-4837), 1-888-4HEP-USA (44...
  • What I need to know about Hepatitis C
    ... Many people with hepatitis C don't have symptoms. However, some people with hepatitis C feel like they have the flu. So, you might feel tired feel sick to your stomach have a fever not want to eat...
  • Wilson's Disease
    ... Wilson's disease causes the body to retain copper. The liver of a person who has Wilson's disease does not release copper into bile as it should. Bile is a liquid produced by the liver that he...
  • Zellweger Syndrome Information Page
    ... Zellweger syndrome is a rare, congenital (present at birth) disorder characterized by the reduction or absence of peroxisomes (cell structures that rid the body of toxic substances) in the cells of th...

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