Dysmenorrhea (or dysmenorrhoea), cramps or painful menstruation, involves menstrual periods that are accompanied by either sharp, intermittent pain or dull, aching pain, usually in the pelvis or lower abdomen.

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Menstrual cramps Symptoms

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Signs and symptoms
... Most women experience menstrual cramps at some time in their lives. Cramps become problematic when they''re severe enough to keep you from going about your day-to-day routine. If you have primary dysm...
Source: MayoClinic

Causes
... To create a nourishing environment for a fertilized egg, the female sex hormone estrogen causes your uterine lining (endometrium) to thicken every month. Soon after, a follicle — a tiny sac in y...
Source: MayoClinic

Menstrual cramps Treatment

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Complications
... The complications of secondary dysmenorrhea depend on the underlying cause. For instance, pelvic inflammatory disease can scar your fallopian tubes and compromise reproductive health. The scarring can...
Source: MayoClinic

Treatment
... For secondary dysmenorrhea, you''ll need treatment for the underlying cause. Depending on the cause, treatment could include antibiotics to treat infection or surgery to remove fibroids or polyps. You...
Source: MayoClinic

Menstrual cramps Other

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Dysmenorrhea (Menstrual Cramps)
... What is dysmenorrhea? Dysmenorrhea is the medical term for menstrual cramps. There are two types of dysmenorrhea: "primary" and "secondary." Primary dysmenorrhea is common menstrua...
Source: Cleveland Clinic

Overview
... Even if you''re not familiar with the term "dysmenorrhea," if you''re a woman, chances are you''ve experienced it at some time in your life. Dysmenorrhea is simply the medical term for menstrual cramp...
Source: MayoClinic

Menstrual cramps Treatment

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Dysmenorrhea
... Cyclic pain associated with menses. Dysmenorrhea is painful menstruation and is the most common of all gynecologic complaints, and the leading cause of absenteeism of women from work, school, and othe...
Source: HealthWorld

What are Menstrual Cramps?
... Menstrual cramps, or dysmenorrhea (as physicians call it), are one of the most common healthcare problems that women suffer during their reproductive years. It has been estimated that as many as 30 to...
Source: HealthWorld