Cerebral palsy is an umbrella-like term used to describe a group of chronic disorders impairing control of movement that appear in the first few years of life and generally do not worsen over time. The disorders are caused by faulty development of or damage to motor areas in the brain that disrupts the brain's ability to control movement and posture. Symptoms of cerebral palsy include difficulty with fine motor tasks (such as writing or using scissors), difficulty maintaining balance or walking, involuntary movements. The symptoms differ from person to person and may change over time. Some people with cerebral palsy are also affected by other medical disorders, including seizures or mental impairment, but cerebral palsy does not always cause profound handicap. Early signs of cerebral palsy usually appear before 3 years of age. Infants with cerebral palsy are frequently slow to reach developmental milestones such as learning to roll over, sit, crawl, smile, or walk. Cerebral palsy may be congenital or acquired after birth. Several of the causes of cerebral palsy that have been identified through research are preventable or treatable: head injury, jaundice, Rh incompatibility, and rubella (German measles). Doctors diagnose cerebral palsy by testing motor skills and reflexes, looking into medical history, and employing a variety of specialized tests. Although its symptoms may change over time, cerebral palsy by definition is not progressive, so if a patient shows increased impairment, the problem may be something other than cerebral palsy.

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... Cerebral palsy is a group of disorders involving movement, learning, hearing, seeing, and thinking that occur due to problems with brain development. ...
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Cerebral palsy or CP is the most common childhood physical disability. It i ...
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Cerebral Palsy Symptoms

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Signs and symptoms
... There are three major types of cerebral palsy: Spastic cerebral palsy. Most children with cerebral palsy have spastic cerebral palsy. This form of the condition causes muscles to stiffen, which makes ...
Source: MayoClinic

Causes
... Cerebral palsy results from an abnormality in or injury to the cerebrum — the largest area of the brain, which controls sensation and voluntary motor function. Although cerebral palsy affects mo...
Source: MayoClinic

Cerebral Palsy Prevention

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Prevention
... For more than a century, doctors have hoped that by somehow improving labor and birth practices, they could reduce the incidence of cerebral palsy. But these rates have remained fairly constant, despi...
Source: MayoClinic

Cerebral Palsy Treatment

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Botulinum Toxin Injections
... What is botulinum toxin? Botulinum toxin is the product made by the bacteria that cause botulism. When used in very small amounts, botulinum toxin Type A (such as Botox) can be used safely to weaken s...
Source: Cleveland Clinic

Complications
... Besides difficulty with movement and posture, cerebral palsy may result in these health problems: Development of joint deformities or dislocation, if there''s considerable spasticity Nutrition problem...
Source: MayoClinic

Cerebral Palsy Support

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Coping skills
... When a child is diagnosed with a disability, it forces the whole family to face a range of new challenges. Here are a few tips for caring for yourself and your child: Foster your child''s independence...
Source: MayoClinic

Cerebral Palsy Other

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Cerebral Palsy Overview
... Cerebral palsy is an umbrella term for describing a group of chronic disorders that impair a person’s ability to control body movement and posture. These disorders result from injury to the motor area...
Source: Cleveland Clinic

Overview
... Cerebral palsy is a general term that describes a group of disorders that appear in the first few years of life and affect a child''s ability to coordinate body movements. These disorders are caused b...
Source: MayoClinic

   

Cerebral Palsy Articles

  • Cerebral Atrophy Information Page
    ... Cerebral atrophy is a common feature of many of the diseases that affect the brain. Atrophy of any tissue means loss of cells. In brain tissue, atrophy describes a loss of neurons and the connections ...
  • Cerebral Palsy Information Page
    ... Cerebral palsy is an umbrella-like term used to describe a group of chronic disorders impairing control of movement that appear in the first few years of life and generally do not worsen over time. Th...
  • Cerebral Palsy: Hope Through Research
    ... In the 1860s, an English surgeon named William Little wrote the first medical descriptions of a puzzling disorder that struck children in the first years of life, causing stiff, spastic muscles in the...
  • Hypertonia Information Page
    ... Hypertonia is a condition marked by an abnormal increase in muscle tension and a reduced ability of a muscle to stretch. It is caused by injury to motor pathways in the central nervous system, which c...

Resources

  • (National Women's Health Information Center, OWH, HHS)
  • Assistive Devices (National Library of Medicine)