Autism is classified as one of the pervasive developmental disorders of the brain. It is not a disease. People with classical autism show three types of symptoms: impaired social interaction, problems with verbal and nonverbal communication, and unusual or severely limited activities and interests. These symptoms can vary in severity. In addition, people with autism often have abnormal responses to sounds, touch, or other sensory stimulation. Symptoms usually appear during the first three years of childhood and continue through life. Recent studies strongly suggest that some people have a genetic predisposition to autism. Researchers are looking for clues about which genes contribute to this increased susceptibility. In some children, environmental factors also may play a role. Studies of people with autism have found abnormalities in several regions of the brain which suggest that autism results from a disruption of early fetal brain development. Autism affects an estimated 10 to 20 of every 10,000 people, depending on diagnostic criteria used, and strikes males about four times more often than females.
... Autism is a developmental disorder that appears in the first 3 years of life, and affects the brain's normal development of social and communication skills. ...
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From the WEST scientific·clinical
From the EAST traditional·alternative
The behavioral and cognitive functioning of individuals with autism can improve with the help of psychosocial and pharmacological interventions. Among psychosocial treatments, intensive, sustained special education programs and behavior therapy early in life can increase the ability of children with autism to acquire language and the ability to learn.
In adults with autism, some studies have found beneficial effects of the antidepressant medications clomipramine and fluoxetine.There is also evidence that the antipsychotic medication haloperidol can be helpful; however, the risk of serious side effects is significant in children.
Recent studies indicate more than 30% of autistic patients use some form of alternative treatments which families of children and adults with autism have found beneficial. The most popular treatments incude: Gluten Free, Casein Free (GFCF), or anti-yeast (fungal) diets; Mercury detoxification (chelation); use of dietary supplements such as Vitamin B6 and magnesium and essential fatty; and the use of the hormone Secretin.
1-2 of 4 more...Signs and symptoms
... Autism is one of five conditions referred to as autism spectrum disorders or pervasive developmental disorders (PDD). These five conditions have different signs: Autism. Children with autism exhibit a...
... Autism has no single, identifiable cause. The disorder seems to be caused by abnormalities in several regions of the brain. Neurons in these regions appear to be smaller than normal and have stunted c...
1 of 1Treatment
... There''s no cure for autism, and there''s no "one-size-fits-all" treatment. In fact, the range of home-based and school-based treatments and interventions for autism can be overwhelming. Your doctor c...
1 of 1Coping skills
... Researchers are hunting for clues to the cause of autism, in the hopes that better understanding of the disorder will lead to better treatments. The future looks bright, but that doesn''t necessarily ...
1-2 of 13 more...An Intent So Focused: Understanding Asperger Syndrome
... From day one, Karen Hull and her husband, Gregory, realized something was different about their son Brian. "He hardly ever slept and didn’t cry, except when he had temper tantrums." The todd...
Source: Cleveland Clinic
... What is autism? Autism it is a developmental disorder that is likely caused by some impairment of the brain. It usually appears by age two, although it may not be diagnosed until somewhat later. Autis...
Source: Cleveland Clinic
- Asperger Syndrome Information Page
... Asperger syndrome (AS) is a developmental disorder. It is an autism spectrum disorder (ASD), one of a distinct group of neurological conditions characterized by a greater or lesser degree of imp...
- Autism and Communication
... The brain disorder autism begins in early childhood and persists throughout adulthood affecting three crucial areas of development: verbal and nonverbal communication, social interaction, and creative...
- Autism Fact Sheet
... Autism (sometimes called “classical autism”) is the most common condition in a group of developmental disorders known as the autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Autism is charact...
- Autism Information Page
... Autism (sometimes called “classical autism”) is the most common condition in a group of developmental disorders known as the autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Other ASDs includ...
- Autism Spectrum Disorders (Pervasive Developmental Disorders)
... Not until the middle of the twentieth century was there a name for a disorder that now appears to affect an estimated one of every five hundred children, a disorder that causes disruption in families ...
- Autism Spectrum Disorders Research at the National Institute of Mental Health
... Autism spectrum disorders (ASD), a broad continuum of brain illnesses that includes Asperger's syndrome, share common genetic roots and essential clinical and behavioral features, although they di...
- Gene Hunting
... Many years of research have demonstrated that vulnerability to mental illnessesâ€”such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, early-onset depression, anxiety disorders, autism, and attention deficit hype...
... This booklet is designed to help mental health patients and their families understand how and why medications can be used as part of the treatment of mental health problems. It is important for you to...
- The Numbers Count
... Mental Disorders in America Mental disorders are common in the United States and internationally. An estimated 22.1 percent of Americans ages 18 and olderâ€”about 1 in 5 adultsâ€”suffer from a diagnos...
- Unraveling Autism
... Autism, a brain disorder that affects 1 to 2 in 1,000 Americans,1 too often results in a lifetime of impaired thinking, feeling and social functioningâ€”our most uniquely human attributes. Autism typi...
- (National Women's Health Information Center, OWH, HHS)
- $6 Million Grant to Expand Search for Autism Genes (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development)