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Adrenogenital Syndrome; Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia; Hyperandrogenism, nonclassic type, due to 21-hydroxylase deficie... 

Blood Sugar; Diabetes Mellitus; Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus; Type II Diabetes 

21-hydroxylase deficiency is a disorder of steroid metabolism (the buildup or breakdown of steroids). Steroids are types of lipids (fats) that include cholesterol, vitamin D, and many hormones. The 21-hydroxylase deficiency results in the inability of the body to produce cortisol and aldosterone (steroid hormones that affect metabolism and salt balance, respectively) from cholesterol. This condition is also known as congenital adrenal hyperplasia. When the precursors of these hormones build up ...

Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism--the way our bodies use digested food for growth and energy. Most of the food we eat is broken down into glucose, the form of sugar in the blood. Glucose is the main source of fuel for the body. After digestion, glucose passes into the bloodstream, where it is used by cells for growth and energy. For glucose to get into cells, insulin must be present. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas, a large gland behind the stomach. When we eat, the pancr...


21-hydroxylase deficiency as related to Diabetes