Coccidioidomycosis (also known as Valley fever and California valley fever) is a fungal disease caused by Coccidioides immitis. It is endemic in certain parts of Arizona, California, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, Utah and northwestern Mexico.

Cryptococcus neoformans is a species of fungus that can live in both plants and animals. This species, also known as Filobasidiella (Cryptococcus) neoformans, belongs to the broad class of organisms called "club fungi" or Division Basidiomycota, which is one the five major types of fungi. More specifically, C. neoformans is a type of yeast, but of a very different type than the yeasts used for baking, as a picture of the organism suggests.

Coccidioidomycosis as related to Cryptococcosis