Alcohol Abuse in Pregnancy; Drug Abuse in Pregnancy; Smoking in Pregnancy; Substance Abuse in Pregnancy 

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder is an umbrella term used to describe fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and the less noticeable, but sometimes equally serious, fetal alcohol effects (FAE). FAS and FAE are permanent, and often devastating, birth-defect syndromes caused by maternal consumption of alcohol during pregnancy.

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome as related to Pregnancy and Substance Abuse